The goals of the United States were to rebuild a war-devastated region, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, and make Europe prosperous again. The act was named after Secretary George Marshall. The Marshall Aid was so important because it was used to restrict the Soviet “sphere of influence” from expanding as European countries preferred the idea of being rich instead of having to share their wealth with others. Many countries that were unofficially owned by Stalin were more interested in joining the USA with the Marshall Aid, but Stalin managed to “persuade” them to protest against Truman’s methods. Despite this, the Marshall Aid was a success and it bolstered the armies of Europe significantly, which put Stalin in a more vulnerable position.
Moreover, as Britain was one of the major power of the WWI, the effects on both of their men and arms were not recovered from the WWI. This also led Chamberlain hesitant to take part for a large war at this time. Thus, making an appeasement with the Germans was the best solution for them to be recovered and prepared later in the future because rather than fighting a big war against advanced army with unprepared-no men army, they would fight a war with recovered army even if the opponents might grow more. ! Back again to 1919, the Treaty of Versailles made conclusions to the German’s territorial, armed forces, colonies, preparations and indemnity, and the war guilt issues.
This eventually turned into convenient interventionism; the method of intervening whenever it was beneficial and/or advantageous for the U.S. American government officials initially claimed to be reluctant towards any involvement in European affairs for decades until finally, during WWII, when the overbearing possibility of becoming a garrison state, under regulation of communists and/or fascist European governments, the American public gradually declined from the isolation sentiment they were accustomed to and began their apprehensive shift towards the same ultimate goal the Axis Powers aspired for; incontestable leadership exercised by one nation over all others and a possibility of achieving world domination. This action is known as hegemony, and most nations fought in World War II in hopes of possessing it. Front pages of most newspapers issued on December 10, 1941 all contained news of the start and progression of the Second World War. The variation of news released on this day in history was the explanation for the sudden, abundant fears shared by the nation and began construction of an important foundation for the nation-wide fellowship that forced America to break out of its accustomed
This, however, was seen by the Soviet Union as a form of economic expansion through which the Americans were bringing Eastern European states into their own sphere of influence, and was a direct challenge to their authority. It is possible to argue that the Americans were indeed trying to help struggling states with their growth and that the aims were purely altruistic in nature. However, it must be noted that the Marshall Plan did have strings attached, forcing the countries that it provided aid for to open their markets for American goods and not advancing it to countries who did not do
How successful was the west in containing communism in Europe up to 1949? INTRODUCTION A successful American foreign policy must be able to contain threats of communism and at the same time win over allies. FIRST PARAGRAPH The Truman Doctrine was a policy established after President Roosevelt died in 1945 and Truman became his successor. After realizing that the USA could no longer continue with their policy of isolationism if the spread of communism was to be halted. To defend the US and other countries from the rapidly developing ideology Truman believed that the USA would have to become more active in world affairs and provide support to other countries, financially and military, that were under threat.
It could be better for Europe, worse for Slavs or threatening to America. We try to take the past and make it into some sort of future which sometimes we blind ourselves by the obvious facts. Hitler did not want war with America, simply it screwed itself by allying with Japan who he hoped would secure the East and not attack America. This backfired just like his so called "secure" alliance with Italy which sometimes turned into more of a resource hog then a help (excl. Italian help on the Eastern Front).
The Nazi-Soviet pact was responsible for the outbreak of war because France and Britain had decided to finally intervene. Since Hitler had taken Czechoslovakia as a cause of Britain’s policy of appeasement, this frightened USSR and Stalin felt that the only way to keep the USSR safe was by signing the Nazi- Soviet pact. The Nazi-Soviet pact gave Hitler confidence in invading Poland and was a way to avoid war on two fronts. Britain and France on the other hand felt it was time to react and as soon as Germany’s army entered Poland they themselves prepared their own military defenses causing the Second World War. The pact was the final cause of war as Hitler could now invade Poland without any interference from Stalin.
During the Paris Peace conference of 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was created as a peace treaty to end WW1 and prevent future conflict with Germany. From the beginning the Big Three had different opinions as to how Germany should be treated. It can be argued that the treaty of Versailles was too harsh on Germany and therefore caused embitterment within Germany, which ultimately lead to the public supporting Hitler who through propaganda convinced the public that he would undo the terms of the treaty. After the horrors of World War 1, the people of Europe wanted to retain peace in Europe. The big three at the Paris Peace Conference; Clemenceau, Lloyd George and Woodrow Wilson, had different opinions as to how Germany should be treated and how peace would be returned to Europe.
I could blame the defeat which would have been the result of my action on him and come out as Peacemaker…But I had a greater obligation than to think only of the years of my administration and of the next election. I had to think of the effect of my decision on the next generation and on the future of peace and freedom in America and in the world.” However, this idealistic standpoint was mere propaganda. In private, President Nixon would favour a more militant and aggressive approach. This contradictory position not only exposed Nixon’s vulnerability to public opinion, but also his disillusion and misunderstanding of the complexities of such a war. It is imperative to understand the factors which influenced President Nixon’s strategies and decision making during the Vietnam War.
Just as the Treaty was a constant reminder to Germany’s defeat in World War I, Hitler believed communism was the reason for the loss, leaving him gripped to the possibility of potential ‘communist takeover’ of Germany. He despised this, leaving him determined to defeat communism, in which he stated “It will be the duty of German foreign policy to get large spaces to feed and house the growing population of Germany”. Hitler’s foreign policy was the backbone to the actions and changes he wished to make. In this essay, I will describe and analyze how successful Hitler’s foreign policy was, by examining the events and actions that took place, up until 1938. I believe Hitler’s foreign policy was a success up until 1938 as he was fearless to continue with his aims – one of which was abolishing the Treaty of Versailles.