Frankenstein vs. Maslow

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Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist who studied the requirements needed in order for human beings to achieve supreme happiness. Maslow’s theory, the “hierarchy of needs”, shows that to attain the highest level, each and every need must be met. The needs are broken into two groups of needs: Deficiency needs (ie: physiological, safety, self esteem, and love), and growth needs (cognitive, aesthetics, and self- actualization). Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by failure to meet lower level needs. Victor Frankenstein in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, has a very prestigious rise to self-actualization in the book. Victor also has a very dark, and deep downward spiral back towards the most basic deficiency needs as all of his mental abilities for relationships, esteem, and love are lost due to his actions in the novel. Victor Frankenstein supports Abraham Maslows theory of needs by proving it through his life’s story. Victor Frankenstein can be used to prove Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, thus giving persuasion and justification to Maslow’s theory. Here, I will prove the order in which Victor Frankenstein was able to achieve each level of the hierarchy. Physiological need: Physiological necessities, Maslow stated, such as being born into a life where there was plenty of nutritious food, air and water are all important. In Drake 2 the text, Victor states, “I am by birth a Genevese, and my family is one of the most distinguished of that republic. (Shelley, 14). Safety: Maslow found that protection of one’s mind, home and health are important. “When I mingled with other families, I distinctly discerned how peculiarly fortune my lot was, and my gratitude assisted the development of filial love.” (Shelley, 19). Love/
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