Frankenstein: a Psychological Analysis

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Frankenstein: An Analysis What truly makes Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein an entertaining novel, in my opinion, is the mental development of each of the characters throughout the story. The best way to display such psychological progress is to compare events and thoughts from the book to Sigmund Freud’s theories on the conscience. Freud’s “id” is shown through primitive actions of certain characters; those that involve little judgment and rely on instincts rather than informed decisions. The “ego” can be observed through basic thoughts and decisions that are made without the influence of conscience. The “super-ego” is, in fact, conscious thought itself, often characterized by the guilt or other feelings that come as a result of the “id” and “ego”. As you will see, Freudian theory has an important place in the literary masterpiece that is Frankenstein. Before explaining how Frankenstein relates to Fruedian theory, I should first explain this theory. There are three components to Sigmund Frued’s ideas on personality: the id, the ego, and the super-ego. The id is the only component of personality that is present from birth. This aspect of personality is entirely unconscious and includes of the instinctive and primitive behaviors. According to Freud, the id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality. The main goal of the id is instant gratification and action on whim which is often unrealistic in everyday life and socially unacceptable. For this reason, the next element of Freuds theory is necessary. The ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego functions in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind. The ego weighs the costs
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