By this, the superego and the id are balanced and form the character's identity, an integrated self. Another very important and appropriate part for a psychoanalytic interpretation of 'The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde' is the return of the repressed that Freud describes in his theory of psychoanalysis. Society, its norms and taboos suppress the antisocial individual desires which nevertheless exist in the subconscious. Stevenson's novel 'is one of the most famous literary expressions of the uncanny' (Meyer 138). That means something that should have stayed unknown but still appears is revealed by the return of the repressed.
This means early experiences play a critical role in our lives. Freud believed the human mind has both unconscious and conscious areas. The unconscious part is seen as being dominated by the id, a primitive part of the human personality that seeks only gratification and pleasure. It isn’t concerned with social rules, only with self-gratification and it is driven by the ‘pleasure principle.’ It is said psychopaths are ID led. The disregard for our consequences of behaviour is referred to as ‘primary process thinking’.
Although the ego and superego operates on all three levels of awareness; conscious, preconscious, and unconscious- the id is the entirely unconscious, expressing its urges at a conscious level through the ego. (Parrott III, 2nd edition, 2011) Freud also studied areas of repression and resistance, unconsciousness, dreams, sexuality, the Oedipus complex, and sexual maladjustment, and hysteria. Freud believed that some mental disorders like hysteria were based on sexual manner. Sigmund Freud’s revolutionary ideas have set the standard for modern psychoanalysis. Freud’s Psychoanalysis therapy has both devoted admirers and strong critics.
The psychodynamic perspective is based on the work of Sigmund Freud. He created both a theory to explain personality and mental disorders and the form of therapy known as psychoanalysis. The psychodynamic approach assumes that all behaviour and mental processes reflect constant and unconscious struggles within person. These usually involve conflicts between our need to satisfy basic biological instincts, for example, for food, sex or aggression, and the restrictions imposed by society. Not all those who take a Psychodynamic approach accept all of Freud's original ideas, but most would view normal or problematic behavior as the result of a failure to resolve conflicts adequately.
The psychodynamics theories of personality developed from Sigmund Freud’s thoughts and believes, which mainly focuses on human drives such as sexual and aggressive drives (C, 2006). According to Freud’s theory, there are three parts contained in a personality; the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the part that struggles to satisfy a person’s needs and is the person’s instinct or drive to action. It is also the part of personality that starts at birth, and works to avoid pain and to gain pleasure as well (C, 2006). The second part is the ego; the ego controls the processes of thinking and emotions.
They both studied different ideas, and preached different views about how our mind functioned. While Maslow focused on the humanistic aspect of our personality, Jung focused on the psychoanalytic aspect. However, they were both inspired by two great people. Carl Jung was deeply influenced by Sigmund Freud who happens to be the father of psychoanalysis. Though he dismissed Freudian theory that stated that human personality was defined by their sexual drive and desires, he established that we have 2 states of unconscious.
The ego is the personality that is used for dealing with reality. According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and makes sure that the impulses of the id can be shown in a manner that is acceptable in the real world. The ego functions in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind. This theory's main ideas are that the ego works based on the reality principle. This strives to satisfy the id's wants in socially acceptable ways.
Freud believed there are two factors that drive the personality, libido and aggression. Psychoanalytic perspective also suggests there are three parts of personality to any one person, the id, ego, and superego. The id is the complete unconscious of a person. Everyone starts life with just the id as their personality, the ego and superego emerge later. The id is the part of a personality that is the urge to have needs met instantaneously.
Freud’s structure of Personality Freud believed that we were born with an id, ego and superego. The id is part of our unconscious mind that is hidden from conscious understanding; it is also responsible for the ‘I’ demands, such as ‘I want’ etc. The ego develops as the individual grows and is responsible for resolving the inner conflicts between the individualist demands made by the id and the super ego. The superego develops around the age of six and tries to conform to the demands made by others, such as the expectations from family and moral, ethical and cultural norms to do the right thing. This shows that personality is psychodynamic as it is made up of these three aspects, which can influence an individual to do things in a different way.
He theorized a landmark idea that would prove to be controversial, but accepted. In many ways Carl Jung’s concept of the shadow can be clearly modeled through the stories/ plots of Beowulf and The Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Both stories accurately portray many of the shadow traits that dwell in human nature. Carl Jung describes the shadow as not being totally evil and filled with all darkness, but a place where everything that is unconscious, repressed, underdeveloped and denied are stored (“Eigen”). It is the unconscious part of our minds and/or ego.