Francis Bacon, Baruch Spinoza, Gottfriend Leibniz Essay

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Jason Mikesell Femi M. Bogle-Assegai Philosophy 101 April 25, 2009 Francis Bacon, Baruch Spinoza, and Gottfried Leibniz Sir Francis Bacon (later known as Lord Verulam, the Viscount St. Albans, and Lord Chancellor of England) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. He was born in 1561to a prominent and well-connected family. (Simpson) Bacon was the second child of Sir Nicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper of the Seal) and his second wife Lady Anne Coke Bacon. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (1573–1575) and at Gray's Inn in London (1576). (Klein) Bacon completed his law degree in 1582, and in 1588 he was named lecturer in legal studies at Gray’s Inn. In the meantime, he was elected to Parliament in 1584 as a member for Melcombe in Dorsetshire. He would remain in Parliament as a representative for various constituencies for the next 36 years. (Simpson) In 1603 the Scottish king James VI succeeded the great Queen as James I of England and Bacon was in his good graces. He was knighted in 1603, married a young and rich heiress in 1606, was appointed Solicitor General in 1607 and Attorney General in 1613. In 1616, he became a member of the Privy Council and was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal the following year. He was granted the title of Lord Chancellor and created Baron of Verulam in 1618. (Simpson) In 1621 he was arrested and charged with bribery. After pleading guilty, he was heavily fined and sentenced to a prison term in the Tower of London. Although the fine was later waived and Bacon spent only four days in the Tower, he was never allowed to sit in Parliament or hold political office again. (Simpson) Sir Francis Bacon died in April 1626 of pneumonia after conducting experiments with ice. (Klein) Today, Bacon is well known for his treatises on

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