Four Planes Of Development (Montessori)

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Four Planes of Development I. Introduction: Education as an Aid to Life. The Montessori "method" is actually a philosophy of education. That philosophy emphasizes that education should go far beyond the mere acquisition of knowledge, and instead be a practical aid to life. It should be life long learning that changes the life of the individual. Dr. Montessori believed that no human being is educated by another person but that education comes from within. It is through our own natural curiosities and our love of learning that we become educated. Through her observations, Dr. Montessori discovered that a child’s potential is unlimited but dependent on three factors: (1) a nurturing environment; (2) adult understanding of human growth and development; and (3) society's understanding of the educational process. Montessori suggests… “To aid life: this is the first and fundamental principle of education” (p. 16, The Formation of Man). "This is education, understood as a help to life; an education from birth, which feeds a peaceful revolution and unties all in a common aim, attracting them as to a single centre.” (p. 15-16, The Absorbent Mind). To that end, education as an aid to life should have a prepared environments that correlate to each plane or period of development that a child goes through. We should relook traditional educational methods and focus on II. Definition: The Four Planes of Development were used by Maria Montessori to describe the path of development that every child must pass through on his way to adulthood. The Four stages are: birth to 6 years; 6 to 12 years; 12 to 18 years; and 18-24 years. In each of the stages, Dr. Montessori believed that the child is drawn to different skills and activities and that if they are provided with the opportunities to explore and practice them, the

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