Four Goals of Psychology Essay

589 WordsJul 16, 20123 Pages
Christopher Avery PSY-101 May 29, 2012 Professor David Hodges Four Goals of Psychology The four basic goals of psychology are describe, understand, predict, and control behavior. John B. Watson was a psychologist who firmly believed in the behavioral perspective. Watson favored the theory that anybody’s individual behavior was controllable by a mere shift in environment. By conducting experiments as this it was his philosophy that human behavior was then completely predictable enabling understanding into the psyche of man. Much advancement has been made due to this psychological precept. “Along with its influence in the area of learning processes, this perspective has made contributions in such diverse areas as treating mental disorders, curbing aggression, resolving sexual problems, and ending drug addiction (Feldman, 2010, pg., 17).” Sigmund Freud pioneered the psychodynamic perspective a theory in which consists of the assumption that all human behavioral functions are based on unconscious drives and forces. Freud held the belief that conducting psychoanalysis of dreams would give true indications of people’s earnest thoughts and motives. While Freud has received widespread criticism for his theories there have been some victories in discovering treatments for psychological disorders as well as some insight on basic human characteristics. The Cognitive Perspective is a methodology that examines the way people view the world; how they learn and process information. A psychologist focusing on this method compare the process to a computer in relation to how a computer stores, sorts, transmits, and receives data. It is in essence the processing of information as computer does. The Humanistic Perspective contends that people desire to control their lives in every aspect and have personal growth expectations. Two of the founding fathers of this

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