He left home at a young age, travelling to Rome. There, he began an apprenticeship at the press of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, which was associated with the Roman Catholic Church (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2013). Bodoni became known for his excellent craftsmanship, and epic attention to detail. When Duke Ferdinand of Parma (who was a noted patron of the Arts) sought to establish premier royalty press, he wanted to ensure that he could provide the highest possible quality of printing for the aristocrats (Spokane Falls Graphic Design Department, 2013). He asked Bodoni to assume management of the Royal Press (Stamperia Reale), in 1768.
However, with the French defeat and Spanish victory over Florence in 1512, Machiavelli was sent into exile. Forced to give up politics, he decided to write books, which reflected on his governmental ideas. Machiavelli ended up writing one of the most famous books in the Western world, titled The Prince. Through his book he spoke about how order should have been maintained and how a ruler ought to have behaved in Italy during his time. His advice for rulers covered a broad range of subjects, including reputation, cruelty, defense, and generosity.
Quattrocento also known as the Italian Renaissance was a pivotal time for individuals in the art world. Many artist were discovered and are still considered famous today. These pioneer artist displayed a presence of scientific, cultural and economics through christianity putting forth techniques and ideas that are still used currently.The most renowned 15th century frescoes would be The Sistine Chapel. It is a perfect example of linear perspective in Perugino's Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Peter. Some of the most important collection of Renaissance painting would be that of Federico da Montefeltro who helped Urbino flourish in art and culture and commissioned perhaps the largest library in Italy with the paintings in Monefelto's court displaying the first theoretical treatise on perspective.
Compare Raphael’s School of Athens to Veronese’s Christ in the House of Levi. Explain how each artist reflected the political and social environment of Rome and Venice during the Renaissance period. Use one example from Gardner’s Art through the Ages and one from the Internet. Raphael School of Athens is not a setting for school but for philosophers and scientists. In our text book it said that “Raphael depicted these luminaries, revered by Renaissance humanists, conversing and explaining their various theories and ideas”(Kleiner 464).
Charlemagne or Charles the great, Carolingian monarch. He was a very strong element in unifying Western Europe through the blessing of the church. Charlemagne Grandfather had partnership with the church during his period of time; he was the one who started the process to bring Western Europe together, in the belief that everyone should be Christian. Charlemagne father, Pepin the short contiutued this process thought the Western Europe and passed his beliefs on to Charlemagne. All three Carolingian monarchs wanted the church to reform, wanted to reorganize the church under the pope; all this would help raise their power as the Carolingian dynasty.
In 1650, Pascal suddenly decided to avidly study religion, but returned to his previous lifestyle three years later, conducting experiments on the pressure exerted by gases and liquids, inventing the arithmetical triangle, and created the calculus of probabilities together with Fermat. In 1654, Pascal abandoned the world after an accident and moved to Port Royal, where he lived until his death in 1662. 2. Who discovered Pascal’s Triangle? Pascal’s Triangle has been seen as early as 1261 in Chinese texts, attributing the triangle to a man that lived in the eleventh century named Jia Xian. 3.
earlymusicla.org laweekly Introduction to Baroque Art and Music (pages 94-102) - It originates first in Rome, as a way to glorify the Counter-Reformation Catholic Church, and then spread beyond Italy to Spain, France, Germany, Austria, the Low Countries and England in the early seventeenth Century. -The artists who created Baroque art worked mainly for the pope and important monarchs throughout Europe. -Baroque is the term used to describe the arts generally during the period 1600-1750. Definition: Taken from the Portuguese word barroco, refering to a pearl of irregular shape then used in jewelry and fine decorations. - Baroque had a negative connotation: It signified distortion, excess, and extravagance... except when we get to Vivaldi and Bach.
Artists such as Michelangelo, who received generous commissions from Pope Julius II, created such splendid, ethereal, and religious works as David and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel as a way to impress and captivate followers of the Catholic Church (and, undoubtedly, as a means to intimidate followers of the Protestant Reformation). At the same time, there was a sense of discovery in the Renaissance, and a newfound love of the classical writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The humanist program of study could typically only be afforded by aristocrats and the rising merchant class, and, as these people sought to boast of their might through the commission of art (the Medicis of Florence are well-known for this clever tactic), we have works such as School of Athens by Raphael, which depicts a beautiful blend of Christian subject and classical ideals. In the late 1800s, however, there was a sense of disillusionment with the increasingly industrialized world. Whilst Renaissance painters sought to create a "window into the world", artists of the late 19th century began to attempt to have their viewers
At the age of 25 he entered Florentine government service as a clerk and as an ambassador. Later that year (1494) Florence restored the republic, expelling the Medici family who had ruled over Florence for some sixty years. Machiavelli was in diplomatic council responsible for negotiation and military affairs, undertaking diplomatic missions to the courts of Louis XII in France, Ferdinand II of Aragon, in Spain, and the Papacy in Rome. From 1502 to 1503 he witnessed the effective state-building methods of soldier-churchman Cesare Borgia who was at that time enlarging the central Italian territories. Between 1503 and 1506 he was responsible for the Florentine militia including the city’s defense.
The Moral of the ‘The Prince”, by Niccolo Machiavelli In this intriguing essay, I will look to investigate the moral and the theme behind the book, ‘The Prince” originally written in 1513 by a former Italian Politician Niccolo Machiavelli, and then will attempt to try and show how the teachings of the ‘The Prince’, to our workplace to give it relevance in the present, even though it was written more than half a century year ago. Before going into this essay into detail, it is certainly important to examine who Niccolo Machiavelli was and the reasons as to why he wrote this book. To look at the reasons behind it, and the current political volatile situation in Italy at the time, threats from Spain and France for example. This would have had a direct Impact on Italy and mostly in a city like Florence, with a growing political scene that had suffered for most of it’s life. Plenty of political power and perhaps more importantly the struggle around Machiavelli with lots of different factions looking to take control of the principality.