Locke thought that the government’s power was best limited by dividing it up into branches, with each branch having only as much power as is needed for its proper function. This way no one branch has too much authority. This also increased the protection and preservation of mankind’s private property. In conclusion Locke's work he explains that the concepts of government power cannot possibly be absolutely arbitrary over the lives and fortunes of the people. He also states that it was the joint power of every member of the society.
Although the people had a right to be involved in the government, the author of Caesar No. 2 thought that it should be left up to people of greater intelligence to choose the government and its actions. The argument against this was that the people had the ability to choose the people that would have authority in the government. This idea helped place a foothold in the government for the people to always play a role. The last concern was that of the
Basically, they don’t want any chains, whether in the form of religion or government. This idea, a republic without God, is impossible. De Tocqueville argues that while despotism can govern without faith, liberty cannot. The only way that this form of government would succeed would be if the people in the republic were perfect, thus leading to a perfectible society. This
Everyone can agree that men are not perfect. They form governments to protect themselves from one another. These governments can take many forms, ranging from a monarchy to a pure democracy. If we make the assumption that all men are created “equal”, then a democracy is the logical alternative since a monarch could not be an equal. But, pure democracy, where everyone weighs in on every issue, becomes impractical as societies become larger, more complex, and replete with issues.
Although i believe many things from both people, I would have to say my philosophy would be Jefferson’s philosophy because he believed every word of the Constitution. It does not make sense to compose an important document that is beneficial to the people, and not stand by it. That's like being a teacher who composes a set of classroom rules and does not enforce them. 8.) I believe Adams was a great president because he managed to keep George Washington’s policy of remaining neutral and staying isolated.
He explains that without government there is no justice and injustice. Locke has a less severe opinion on human nature. He believed that man needs government in order to accumulate wealth. Fundamentally both of these theories claim that man needs to be
This way of thinking was totally different from that of England who was a monarchy even up to now. Americans going a different and bold direction with the well established Constitution made sure that this Constitution was monarchy hostile. An example will be the title of nobility, which states that the title of nobility usually leads to inequality among people even though there is no such thing as equality but the theory was still created a government where under the circumstances people are treated equal. Therefore, the main reason the Constitution was dedicated to the idea and goal of equality. In other to discourage monarchy and reinforce the American idea, our founding fathers came up with the three branches of government where they would each have certain role to fulfill, share power which will allow them to oversee each other.
Alexander Hamilton once stated, "Why has government been instituted at all? Because the passions of men will not conform to the dictates of reason and justice, without constraint." By saying this, Hamilton meant a government is required because people cannot make decisions based upon their instincts. The voice and thoughts of one are too irresponsible or unreasonable to make decisions. Mankind needs laws and obligations to live by, not only to keep peace but to protect ourselves from our basic nature.
ANDREW FRANCIS Why did power cause the civil war? Charles believed in the Divine Right of Kings - he was king because God wanted him to be, and therefore everyone should obey him as they would God,without question. Further, because God wanted Charles as king, then no earthly power could challenge this power,or remove the king from his position. Charles therefore believed that,as king, he had supreme political power. Parliament believed that,as the elected representatives of the People (albeit on a very narrow franchise),that they had the right to wield supreme political power.
Hobbes argues that the only way to establish such a power is for men “to conferre all their power and strength upon One Man, or upon one Assembly of men, that may reduce all their Wills by plurality of voices unto one Will.” In short, Hobbes argues that man leaves the state of nature in order to gain personal security which is achieved through the creation of a civil society, with a governing body. Although this is a reasonable cause for the creation of government, John Locke is more specific about why this creation is needed. Of course, Hobbes and Locke have very different views on what the state of nature is, but they do both agree on one point: the need for security. Hobbes’ theory demands the need for security of one’s life, whilst Locke’s requires security