Foundation of knowledge Essay

1292 WordsJun 14, 20096 Pages
A summarising critique of organizational predictors of women on corporate boards by Hillman, Amy J., Shropshire, Christine, Cannella Jr., Albert A. 2007, Academy of Management Journal, 50 (4): 941-952. This recent article explores and develops theory on women presentation in a firm board of director. More specifically, this paper try to answer the question “why do some organization have women on their board of directors but others do not?” (Hillman et al, 2007, p.941). The authors earlier on their literature review, problematise existing resource dependence theory to guide their research question. They claim that their research will add gender diversity to the existing literature, as well as it will add certain firm predictors of female presentation on board of directors. Their positivist epistemological position implies that they mimic natural sciences into social sciences. They quantify and establish correlation between variables and approve the hypotheses if they found significant relation. The authors’ objectivist ontological position, explain their belief that “woman presentation on board of director” has an objective existence that is external to them, and can therefore be measured. The researchers used cross-sectional design which might allow them to find the correlation between the variables; however, such design is weak in internal validity because causation can’t be proven. Adding longitudinal design might allow causal inference to be made and therefore can help to solve the problem of lack of internal validity “Longitudinal designs are somewhat better able to deal with the problem of ambiguity about the direction of causal influence that plagues cross-sectional designs” (Bryman and Bell, 2007: 61); moreover, the one dependent variable “ women presentation on board” do not change over time “female representation on the boards of nearly half our

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