Formation of Malaysia Essay

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After the Japanese surrendered on 16th August 1945 and the Second World War ended, the British did not return to the Malaya until September 3. In the period before the returning of the British, the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) took over the government of Malaya for 14 days. During the 14 days of the takeover, people lived in fear and pain. The members of Malayan Communist Party killed randomly and created pandemonium and trouble. When the British did return to Malaya on September 3, a new system of administration is formed, known as the Malayan Union, in hopes of the people in Malaya will live in peace again. The Malayan Union was a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlement of Malacca and Penang Island. It was the successor to British Malaya and was conceived to unify the Malay Peninsula under a single government so as to simplify administration. The main reason of the British in the formation of Malayan Union was to make sure that the economic interests of the British in Malaya was well protected and the action to standardize administration under one ruling system is needed for this purpose. The introducing of Malayan Union could largely reduce the administrative cost of the Malay state. Furthermore, the British had also promised to grant independence to the country. Some said the action of the Malays who supported the Japanese during their occupation in Malaya had aroused hatred from some of the British officers. As a consequence, British had deliberately set up the Malayan Union and was grateful to the Malayan Peoples’ Anti Japanese Army ( MPAJA) which include mostly the Chinese who were against the Japanese. Malayan Union was made up of the nine Malay states, Penang Island and Malacca. The British Governor was the Chief administrator. Kuala Lumpur was the capital of Malayan Union. The Governor is assisted by an

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