5. Who was the first person to apply the principles of forensic science to a working crime laboratory? Dr. Edmond Locard was the first person to start a crime laboratory in the police department in Lyon France in two attic spaces. 6. What is Locard's exchange principle? Locards theory “Idiom” he was able to
WEEK 2, INDIVIDUAL WORK ASSIGNMENT To: Jorge Villarruel From: Kim Johnson Date: April 24, 2014 Re: Week 2 Assignment, some history on forensic science. 1. What was Francis Henry Galton’s major contribution to forensic science? Englishman Francis Henry Galton was the first to undertake the definitive study of fingerprinting and he developed the first method of classifying fingerprints for filing. In 1892, he published the book “Finger Prints”, and it contained the first statistical proof supporting the uniqueness of his method of identification.
Career Research Report Forensic science is the application of scientific methods to the field of law. They help investigate crimes by studying the physical evidence that might yield clues about how a crime occurred and/who committed the crime. There’s a broad range of sciences and areas of specialization, including medicine, entomology, physics, biology, chemistry, anthropology, psychology, accounting, engineering, art, linguistics, mathematics, seismology, and many other areas. A single crime scene can yield many different kind of specialties. There may be fingerprints, pools or spatters of blood, footprints, bullet fragments, pertinent documents, insects, and trace evidence such as hair or glass chips.
Discuss approaches to profiling There are three approaches to criminal profiling; the British approach, the US approach and Geographical Profiling. The US approach is a top down approach which means they start with the big parts of the case and work down to the smaller things involved. The approach was invented by the FBI in the 1970’s when they first looked at the family backgrounds, personalities, behaviours, crimes and motives of serial killers who had sexual aspects to their crimes. They then went on to use in-depth interviews with 36 serial killers. The information they gathered from this and the FBI’s experience and intuition they developed the classification system.
Furthermore, blood is similar to common fluids however, blood is held together by powerful cohesive molecular forces that generate a surface tension within each drop and on an external surface (Nordby). Furthermore, investigators have recounted aspects of a crime by the use of bloodstain patterns. Like when it happened, in what area the attack took place, what kinds of weapon or weapons was used on the victim, and where or how close the attacker was to the victim. But how could we have accomplished attainable information from strings? According to forensic scientist’s, the strings themselves are not as substantial.
Their most important duties are to use all the available information from a case to help determine the cause and manner of death in the individual that they are performing the autopsy on. Some investigations that a forensic pathologist will do on a body includes; toxicology, microscopy, photography, radiology, serology and microbiology. Forensic pathologists perform autopsies which help determine the presence or absence of disease, injury or poisoning. Forensic pathologist evaluate law-enforcement information
(Schlager, Lauer 1)Cesalpino was a scientist that came up with the term circulation. Furthermore, he described the flow of blood and the function of the heart valves. Fabricius was a professor of Harvey and discovered the valves inside of veins. These discoveries helped Harvey formulate his own theories about circulation, blood, and veins. Alternatively, professor and physician, Jean-Baptiste Denis, used Harvey’s discovery of knowledge about blood and transfusion to create his own experiments.
Bones of Betrayal essay. This book begins in the University of Tennessee and explains what a body farm is. A body farm is a research facility where human decomposition can be studied in a variety of settings. The aim is to gain a better understanding of the decomposition process, permitting the development of techniques for extracting information (such as the timing and circumstances of death) from human remains. Body farm research is particularly important within forensic anthropology and related disciplines, and has applications in the fields of law enforcement and forensic science.
The Positivist School of Criminology was developed by Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909). This replaced the notion of free will and rationality with the notion of determinism. He along with his fellow positivists; Enrico Ferri and Raffaele Garofalo sought explanations for criminal behavior through scientific research and experimentation. Lombroso believed in the, criminally born. They believed they had
There are many fields that fit into this, one of these fields being criminal profiling. The Medical Dictionary (2012) states that criminal profiling is “a brief description of the personality of an individual”. Professionals expand on this by saying that it is “the act of developing a psychological profile of an offender based on the state of the crime scene” (What is Criminal Profiling, 2003). There has been many a debate about whether criminal profiling is a reliable and valid tool to use when trying to catch an offender. For something to be valid it has to assess what it is supposed to assess (Psychology for the VCE student, 2005), therefore personality profiling when in correlation with criminal profiling is a valid tool.