Forensic Science Questions

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1. What was Francis Henry Galton's major contribution to forensic science? Henry Galton’s major contribution to forensic science was that he took the first definitive study of fingerprints and developed a methodology of classifying them for filing. He wrote a book called fingerprints that contained proof to his method. 2. Who is known as "the father of forensic toxicology" and why? Mathieu Orfila was known as the father of forensic toxicology. He was known as this because of him being able to detect poisons and their effect on animals. In addition, this established forensic toxicology as a legitimate scientific endeavor. 3. Name two major contributions to forensic science made by Hans Gross. The first major contribution to forensic science was the assistance that investigators could expert from the fields of microscopy, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, zoology, botany, and fingerprinting. The second contribution was the forensic journal. 4. With what area of forensic investigation are Karl Landsteiner and Leone Lattes associated? They were associated with dried blood. They could determine the blood type and they could group the blood. 5. Who was the first person to apply the principles of forensic science to a working crime laboratory? The first person to apply the principles to a working crime laboratory was Edmond Locard. He demonstrated how they worked by the things enunciated by Hans Gross. 6. What is Locard's exchange principle? Locard’s exchange principle was that whenever two objects came into contact with each other that materials are exchanged in between them. A good example of this would be dust. 7. With what instrument did Dr. Walter C. McCrone make significant contributions to forensic science? The microscope, he applied microscopy to analyze problems in forensic science

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