INTRODUCTION Forensic science has evolved into a necessity for the criminal justice world. Before the development of forensic science, many of the cases heavily relied upon confessions and testimonies of witness. Forensic science has provided law enforcement officers with other alternative, such as trace evidence and the reliable forms of evidence that can stand up to scrutiny. Without forensic science, criminals would be committing the same crimes repeatedly. While criminals get more creative, the criminal justice system and the forensic science specialists have to update the techniques and tools that are used while obtaining evidence for the new crimes.
The role of the police in the criminal investigation process is to investigate crimes, make arrests if necessary, interrogate suspects and gather evidence (that would substantiate that a crime has occurred). The law imposes certain limits on the way police can gather evidence that can be used, to help ensure the collection of evidence is legitimate and does not interfere with the rights of ordinary citizens. The strict
Lacey Smith November 25th, 2014 CJ 233: Forensic Psychology Professor Araujo Unit 2 Assignment “Psychologists long defined their role essentially as that of a scientist engaged in research or in the applied work of psychometrist; later the role of therapist assumed prominence.” (Lyons, n.d). Within recent years, psychologists have increasingly assumed new professional roles within institutional settings such as the criminal justice field. The criminal justice field has sparked the most interest with psychology due to the need for psychological intervention along with the multitude of ethical questions that lead to a debate within the psychology profession. However, with the interests and need for having psychologists working within the criminal justice field this has created a variety of different roles in which these professionals will have and also a change in which creates a working relationship between the law and psychology. The criminal justice system consists of many different professionals who all have different duties and responsibilities.
* * * * * Research Process and Terminology * ME * CJA/334 * March 5, 2014 * Dennis Dougan * Research Process and Terminology * How will this new terminology and knowledge apply to a career in criminal justice? Essentially, understanding the terminology that is associated with a specific career path is important because of the use it gets in the line of work. In criminal justice and other social science careers, the terminology carries over and without understanding it completely, terminology can hinder research capabilities as well as understanding previous research materials. Although different criminal justice careers have their own terminology based on their line of work, the research terminology is nearly universal. How can not knowing the proper terminology affect you as you conduct criminal justice research?
Something that I found very interesting with this video is that it seems to me that it is yet another example of a “crime scene investigation” style show and that is something that can cause a proble later. As we talked about the worry with these types of shows is that they can case the CSI effect on potential jourors. This style show in particular is one that I would worry about since it is showing the investigation of a real case unlike those that are seen on “CSI” or “NCIS” those are based on fake stories and people are less likely to see that as the way that things are done. Forensic science and its developments help the detectives find the crime scene, test and gather testimonial and physical evidence, and reenact the crime scene to help interrogation. Long after the crime scene is gone, investigators can virtually return to the scene of the crime to test out theories and compare evidence results to an investigation that leads to a confession.
Current and Future Technologies used in the criminal Justice system AJA 363 Current and Future Technologies used in the criminal Justice system Communication skills are the most important skills that are necessary for law enforcement professionals to succeed in this type of profession. Law enforcement officers must understand this reality and being effective at communicating will make the job easier. If an officer decides to be a lousy communicator the results usually end up being poor interpersonal relationships, citizen’s complaints, and in the worse case, possibly even injury or death in the streets. The Webster’s dictionary defines communication as “an act of transmitting a message, exchange of information, to make known.” (Lt. J, Glennon 2007, policeone.com) Communication for public safety is still far behind commercial users in communications functionality, even though there have be improvements that have achieved much better interoperability between different disciplines and across jurisdictional boundaries, lack of governance, standards, and training continue to be the biggest gaps, but this is not for lack of technology. There are technical solutions out there that are ready to help law enforcement communicate effectively and efficiently.
In the world of forensics the scientific method the scientific method allows everyone in the case to be objective, unbiased, and gives him or her critical thinking skills. When investigating a crime, it is important for investigators to observe the crime, create a hypothesis of the crime, test their hypothesis of the crime, and reach conclusions about their theory of the crime. Criminal Investigation and the Scientific Method The scientific method is a very innovative way of conducting a criminal investigation. It helps the investigator to use his or her critical thinking skills to solve the mystery at hand. Through the four steps of the scientific method an investigator can put the pieces together and solve the investigation in a thorough and complete fashion.
The lines of evidence relating to the psychology of criminal behaviors research correspond closely to the paternal and family risk factors that a criminal has experienced during their development stages in life from childhood to adulthood. The most supporting evidence of the risk factors could be found in single parent household, parental styles, parental monitoring, and the influence of the siblings. There are many other reasons as to why a person becomes a criminal, however is hard to determine the real reason that sparingly transpire and individual to commit crimes. There are more studies needed to be conducted to determine the mental status of a criminal. Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings.
Both prosecutors and law enforcement, sometimes knowingly ignore this behavior, in hopes that their testimony will secure a conviction in their favor. Law enforcement who work closely with the crime lab in their department will often try to influence Pathologists to tailor their analysis and testing of evidence to suit their needs in assurance of a solid conviction. Consequently, Pathologists are criminally mishandling and presenting false testimony of the evidence and tests. Regardless of their underpinning of excuses, we must find some means of addressing these issues on a broader scope within the criminal justice system. Dr. Ralph Erdmann is a prime example of one who would
It has to keep up with the current developments in forensic science while addressing issues like organized crimes, terrorism activities and cyber-crime among others. The police department has to come up with means of addressing these issues. Thesis Statement This essay will look at the challenges that the 21st century police are facing in their duties of maintaining law and order. The major topics will focus on the perceptions of public and relations with the community, the advancement in the technological surveillance, equality and diversity in this department and the consequences of globalization and the war on terrorism. Issues Public perception: this is one of the significant challenges for the police department in this 21st century.