Forensic Science and Indian Evidence Act

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Critically analysis the growing importance of forensic science in criminal investigation and trail with reference to relevancy and admissibility of evidence under Indian Evidence Act Forensic science—the use of science to answer legal questions—includes well-known techniques such as fingerprint analysis, DNA analysis, and ballistics (the analysis of firearms). In recent years, the use of forensic science in criminal investigations and trials has steadily gained in popularity as an effective and powerful tool for seeking truth and justice. The use of forensic science can effectively help convict those guilty of crimes and can equally help exonerate the innocent. Popular crime shows like CSI: Crime Scene Investigation can give the impression that forensic science is flawless. However, forensic science is not flaw-less, and its use in the criminal justice system is in great need of reform. To ensure a more fair and accurate criminal justice system, it is critical to improve the reliability, objectivity, and independence of forensic analysis—the expert examination or testing of physi-cal evidence to determine its connection to a crime—and forensic expert testimony in criminal investigations and trials. The common perception of forensic analysis as a precise, objective science often obscures the fact that many areas of forensic analysis involve discretionary interpretations by individual analysts. Because the need for interpretation introduces a significant subjective element to some kinds of forensic analysis, normal tendencies of human psychologycan influence the interpretation of data in a way that threatens the fairness and accuracy of the analysis and testimony used in criminal trials. As such, forensic science laboratories that lack internal procedures and standards to prevent bias create the greatest danger to achieving justice. Forensic Science in
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