Forensic Science Essay

2026 WordsJan 14, 20149 Pages
Forensics CRJ311: Forensics Miron Gilbert December 9, 2013 Forensic Science, also known as Forensics, is defined as "science applied to matters of the law." (Gaensslen & Larsen, 2013) Forensic science has many different aspects to it, whether it’s physical science, like chemistry or physic, or biological science like biochemistry, or a biomedical science like pathology. Technology is also an aspect of forensic science whether it’s the mechanical or electrical components of a piece of machinery or the information inside a computer. Forensics has many different pieces to it that have evolved immensely over the years, which have helped law enforcement agencies with criminal cases new and old. The history of forensics can arguably be dated back to 44 B.C. In that year a Roman physician named Antistius examined the body of Julius Caesar and determined that, though he was stabbed 23 times, only the wound through his chest caused his actual death. (Roufa, 2013) We can jump forward a thousand years to the 1600’s where they say the first documented forensic pathology report came from, a Army surgeon in France who studied the effects of violent death on internal organs. Almost 200 years later we discover the first physical matching of evidence, which led to a murder conviction in England, and a Swedish chemist discovered a method of detecting arsenic in corpses. In the early 1900’s many individuals claimed to be the founder of fingerprinting and discovering them at crime scenes, some of the more famous names are Beavan, Herschel and Galton. In 1905 it was believed that the first case ended with a conviction based off of bloody fingerprints left behind. (Taylor, 2001) There were multiple different studies being made on hair evidence, from the transfer of hair from an individual to another, the difference between human hair and animal hair, as well as the

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