Forensic Science Essay

1406 WordsAug 28, 20116 Pages
What is Forensic Science? First and foremost, forensic scientists are scientists , but when they apply their scientific knowledge to assist juries, attorneys, and judges in understanding the physical evidence of a criminal case, they become forensic scientists. The word “forensic” applies to the use of scientific methods and techniques to investigate a crime and help resolve legal issues in a court of law. As you might imagine, forensic science is highly important to law enforcement in the United States. Forensic scientists are instrumental in identifying and convicting criminals, and their analysis of forensic evidence often confirms the guilt or innocence of possible suspects in a crime. Source: Forensic Science Careers and Degree Programs[->0] Subdivisions of Forensic Science Some forensic scientists are generalists. Their focus may be on field or laboratory investigation, clinical work, communication, education, and/or research. A forensic scientist may also be a generalist if he or she is involved with a newly emerging forensic science specialty, or established area of forensic science that does not fit within one of the following specializations: · Criminalists analyze, compare, identify, and interpret physical evidence. They use natural and physical science techniques to examine hair, blood, body fluid stains, fibers, alcohol, paint, drugs, glass, soil, flammables, and/or botanicals—any physical evidence. Criminalists also perform firearm and toolmark identification, which involves matching bullets to the gun that fired them. · Forensic toxicologists deal with the medico-legal aspects of toxicology. Their work is guided by this question: “Did alcohol or drugs lead or contribute to this individual's intoxication or death?” · Forensic engineers apply the science and art of engineering to the law. These forensic scientists are typically involved in

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