The prosecution must without a reasonable doubt prove the defendant is responsible for committing the crime. And in doing so must remain within the regulations of the courts. Sometimes the prosecution’s personal, ethical. Organizational, or political beliefs can becomea driving force into a trail which can have negative effects on the courts when misconduct occurs or mistakes are made. When misconduct or mistakes are made it can have very damaging effects on individuals and their lives, but also to the credibility of the criminal justice system.
Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The individual with the best argument and delivery would determine the outcome of the case. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic – as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation. In modern use, the term "forensics" in the place of "forensic science" can be considered correct as the term "forensic" is effectively a synonym for "legal" or "related to courts". However the term is now so closely associated with the scientific field that many dictionaries include the meaning that equates the word "forensics" with "forensic science".
The CSI Effect on the Criminal Justice System “Popular media and anecdotal evidence have purported the existence of the “CSI Effect” on juror decision-making” (Mancini, 2011). Those people who are viewers of programs such as: CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Criminal Minds, and Bones reported significantly greater dissatisfaction with pro-prosecution scientific evidence and required a greater percentage certainty in finding guilt. These highly popular programs affect the public’s perception of forensic science which affects the decision making in the criminal justice system. In these illusory programs, stimulating and captivating crime scene investigators recover concealed evidence from the crime scene and analyze the evidence with exceptionally sophisticated scientific testing procedures. After hearing these investigators use this entire vocabulary of perfect scientific lingo, they manage to make complete conclusions about the offenders’ identity and involvement in the crime, and often extract a confession from the perpetrator, all within an hour.
Holmes out there in the world. The H.H. Holmes case helped ease some of that fear because the case became a turning point in criminal investigations because the ramifications of what happened with the serial-killing showed what is to come in the modern age both negatively and positively. The positives that come from the horrible account of H.H. Holmes murder spree include the use of journalism, identification records, and the concept of finger marking as a way to identify the criminal.
Perjury is considered a serious offense as it can be used to usurp the power of the courts. Furthermore, they also talk about the psychological side of the subject for example, if the witness lost his memory then he shouldn't give any statement because his statement might affect either the person on trial or the witness himself. For that reason the lawyer is allowed to ask question to the witness just to be sure that the witness is telling the truth. Furthermore, the journal talks about bias, however the study is not taking any side they are just giving facts and statement about the issue. One of the quotes that stood up in the article was “witnesses can distort their own memories without the help of examiners, police officers or lawyers” The main point of this quote is that the witness is capable of lying or
Coerced Confessions Critical issues in forensic psychology are the vulnerabilities and interrogative circumstances which are two key aspects that have been examined by psychologists in relation to false confessions. Police cadets are trained to read body language when interrogating a suspect, and pinpoint whether the suspect is being truthful or lying to them. But relying on how nervous a suspect when being interrogated shouldn’t determined whether he is lying, because most suspect are very intimidated by cops when brought to a room for questioning. In this paper I will be discussing how suspects when interrogated often lead themselves to digging their grave, even though they are in fact innocent. False confessions can be classified as the "coerced-compliant" or "coerced-internalized".
For something to be valid it has to assess what it is supposed to assess (Psychology for the VCE student, 2005), therefore personality profiling when in correlation with criminal profiling is a valid tool. When something is reliable it means that it has an ability to assess what it is supposed to be assessing affectively and consistently (Psychology for the VCE student, 2005). Criminal profiling can never be one hundred percent reliable because it is only a profile that the police can use to narrow their search. There are many criminal profiling theories that can be related to personality theories. Organized/Disorganized dichotomy developed by John Douglas and Robert Ressler can be linked to Eysenck’s personality theory.
Forensic Science Technician Criminal investigations involve a series of actions performed by many people in order to find the culprit of a crime, but one of the most important positions of a criminal investigation team is the forensic science technician. A forensic science technician is the person who tests and analyzes any evidence from a crime scene to figure out who committed the crime. “The most important part of this field is that it is so dynamic and always changing. Also, you are always contributing to society” (Moore). This field offers such a wide variety of studies, so a person earning a degree in forensic science does not have to be a forensic science technician, because there are multifarious branches of forensic science such as forensic nursing and many more.
Such evidence is given primary status in many, if not all, criminal trials today ranging from crimes of murder to mere vandalism. Yet, despite the ‘heavyweight’ support given to the idea that forensic evidence is irrefutable it is argued by some that forensic science evidence alone should not convict. Arguably the Twentieth Century saw the explosion of science, not only in the area of forensic evidence but generally. Methods and techniques deployed in the gathering of evidence for conviction or acquittal changed at a dramatic pace and as each and every scientific discovery was made an application in Forensic Science was close behind. The gathering of forensic evidence at a crime scene is now paramount.
In some cases this is the deciding factor in sending a perpetrator to prison. However, eyewitness testimony is not to be fully trusted. Many things can go wrong and end up in a mistaken identification, which can lead to an innocent person being convicted for a crime he or she did not commit. Throughout this paper