"For Anger Gives a Foothold to the Devil" (Ephesians 4:27) Essay

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Sigmund Freud's main theory in regards to the opposing psychic zones: the id and superego affiliates inconspicuous ideals in context to our minds. These two different concepts, each balancing out the other, control the conscious and unconscious behaviours we express externally. Euripides' harpy-like mistress, Medea and Shakespeare's Scottish thane, Macbeth, both embody the satanic ideals of the id and the affectionate virtuousness of the superego. These two individuals opposing in sex, situation and fortune find their similarities in the shape of these two psychic zones that they display through their bipolar behaviours. The id or the pleasure principle, is the most overwhelming amongst the three, being the source of energy in one's mind, defined by Freud to be "lawless, asocial, and amoral. [The id's] function is to gratify our instincts for pleasure without regard for social conventions, legal ethics, or moral restraint." The unconscious aspect of the id pushes Macbeth to make many mistakes within the play, the greatest of which is allowing his greed to overtake his sense of logic. When the first prophecy of the witches comes true, he immediately acts on intuition and concludes that for him to become King of Scotland, he has to murder Duncan. This being an impulse towards satisfaction conceals his mind from the possible consequences and the potential dangers that follow the dirty deed. Macbeth, however, not only allows his own desires to get in the way of his sense of logic and morality but also the desires of others. Having to meet the demands of his wife, Lady Macbeth, who has her own fantasies of power, wealth, and of having all other qualities that come with being the Queen of Scotland, Macbeth, in the end is forced to kill Duncan. The first shedding of blood being the hardest, Macbeth gains momentum from the hysteria of killing his own king, and falls into

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