Food Related Illnesses and Allergies

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Food Related Illnesses and Allergies 1. Name four types of food borne illness: •Tapeworm a. Food: Raw or undercooked food from animals especially: • Beef • Pork • Fish • Mouth comes in contact with feces. Signs and Symptoms: •Nausea •Abdominal pain • Diarrhea • Hunger or loss of appetite • Weakness • Weight loss • Vitamin and mineral deficiency How it is spread: • Not washing hands after using the bathroom • Eating food that is contaminated with feces • Eating raw/uncooked meat or fish b. Food can become contaminated with tapeworms when: • Food comes in contact with feces • The animal it is from had tapeworms • One does not wash their hands before cooking after using the bathroom. c. There is no way of knowing if food is contaminated even if you look at it, smell it, and taste it. d. Take precautions by: •keeping food away from feces • Make sure food is cooked thoroughly • Buy food from a place you trust • Salmonella a. Food: •Poultry • Beef • Milk • Eggs • Vegetables (rare) • Fruit (rare) Signs and Symptoms: • Dehydration • Diarrhea • Abdominal cramps • Fever How it is spread: Salmonella can be spread: • Through the feces of animals (especially reptiles) • Eating contaminated food from an animal • Not washing hands before cooking b. Food can become contaminated with Salmonella when: • It comes in contact with animal feces because Salmonella lives in the gut of animals, thus being in their feces. • Salmonella can also be spread by washing meats, poultry, and eggs. c. Contaminated foods usually look and smell normal, so there is no way of knowing whether or not your food has come in contact with feces. d. Take precautions by: • Washing your hands, utensils, and surfaces before cooking • Always wash fruits and vegetables really good • Keep meats separated from all other food •

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