Food and Drugs as Public Health Issues

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Food and Drugs as Public Health Issues Chapter 13 1 Learning Objectives        Describe six ways that food affects health and disease Identify the steps in a foodborne outbreak investigation Identify the roles played by the FDA, CDC, and U.S. Department of Agriculture in food safety Describe the phases of drug approval by the FDA Explain the safety limitations of traditional approaches to drug approval Describe the role of post-market surveillance in drug safety. Describe recent changes in the FDA laws for food and also for drugs.  Identify other categories of products besides foods and drugs regulated by the FDA. 2 Ways Food Can Affect Health and Disease       Too little Too much Deficiencies – vitamins, minerals  Box 13-1 Pellagra Deficiency Contaminants Individual susceptibilities Foodborne communicable diseases in th U.S., each year, cause:  1 in 6 to get sick  >100,000 hospitalizations  3,000 deaths 3 Steps in Foodborne Outbreak Investigation Figure 13-1 Reproduced from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Foodborne Outbreak Investigations. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/outbreaknet/investigations/investigating.html Accessed June 28, 2013. Reproduced from Centers for DiseaseAccessed June 28, 2013 Control and Prevention. Foodborne Outbreak Investigations. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/outbreaknet/investigations/inv estigating.html Accessed June 28, 2013 (Be prepared to identify examples of each step) 4 What is being done to prevent foodborne illness?  Collaboration among  FDA  USDA  CDC FoodNet (Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network)  Food Safety Modernization Act 2010  Increased  Improves FDA and USDA authority ability to track food 5 U.S. programs that prevent food-related disease and disability  USDA food security programs  WHO
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