The 1929 Great Depression in the States had a global impact, and most prominently on Germany. Such were the conditions that enabled Hitler to rise to power - Germany was struggling so much there was no real leader at that time, and there was a struggle for that role. In the times of the Great Depression, the Nazi
Explain why Germany was bankrupt by 1923. At first, Germany’s main problem was that its government was bankrupt. The cost of the war was so great that that all of the German gold reserves had been put towards the cause. After the Weimar Republic had made the decision to surrender, The Treaty of Versailles had made things considerably worse. It deprived Germany of wealth-earning areas, such as the coalfields in Silesia.
* He believed Germans belonged to the master race. (Aryan race) * He called the men who signed the Versailles Treaty traitors – November criminals * Hitler wanted to build a Third Reich and to expand Germany’s territories eastward to create living space lebensraum. * He wanted all Germans to be united in one country. Hitler comes to power After the 1st world war, Germany had a democratic government (Weimar republic). But Germans blamed it for signing the Versailles treaty and for hunger and unemployment.
When And Why Did The Second World War Turn Against Hitler And His Allies? In September 1939 the world descended into the most violent conflict in its history. This was as a result of many years of poverty stress and anger at other countries (from Germany). Hitler took this downfall of the country to become the prime minister, as he often said that if he became the leader of Germany he would sort the country of all its problems. Hitler then took away the “Power of the People” by replacing parliament with a self proclaimed dictatorship, which most Germans welcomed.
After discovering what the treaty of Versailles true meanings were, the Germans were outraged. The socialists (SPD) at the time also known as the “November criminals” were blamed for stabbing their country in the back, dishonoring Germany by agreeing to such terms and creating humiliation for the Germans by allowing them to be titled the “defeated nation”. After being crowned the defeated nation following the First World War Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht alongside millions of Germans were furious, and ready to take action. However Luxemburg and Liebknecht had an advantage, they were the leaders of a radical social group the “Spartacists”. Resulting with the signing of the treaty of Versailles and being named the defeated nation, the spartacists, also known as the left wing rebellions attempted an uprising through a politically driven revolution.
The Weimar Republic looked to be collapsing from the beginning. All the events that finally led to the ending of democracy in Germany were seemed to be caused by the Treaty of Versailles. The loss of the war for the Germans was a huge turning point as it was seem that the Allies wanted to crush Germany. They were unable to pay the reparations, as extremists from both the right and left wing found the war guilt clause unacceptable. When the Germans had lost World War I, had a huge impact back in Germany.
On the other hand, Nazism is a term referring to a political ideology and the regime of Adolf Hitler which was in power in Germany since 1933 to 1945. The Nazism's major emphasis was on the racial superiority of the Aryan people, the elimination of the Jews who were inferior. This paper compares and contrasts the Italian Fascist and German Nazi ideologies and practices. It will show their ultimate goals as well as define the role of woman in this time period. Similarities and differences between fascist Italy and Nazi Germany: The Nazism and the Italian fascism had a common aim of national rebirth or regeneration.
This essay will examine and analyze key points of comparison and contrast between their domestic policies, while also evaluating how far each dictator was able to successfully achieve their goals in these areas. Ideology and general social aims: General fascist principles Nationalism and state centralism - nation as an organic community that needs strong leadership, a singular collective identity (i.e. “the German people”) and a will to wage war to keep the nation strong. National expansion in foreign policy - view of world based on belief that struggles of nations and races are a central feature of the world. Growth of empire and national expansion seen as proof of national strength and virility.
The introduction of fascist regimes swiftly began after the First World War. Numerous countries were in very poor conditions after the Great Depression and the consequences of the First World War which lead to the rise of fascism across Europe. The rise of fascist regimes all stem from a similar set of circumstances that occurred during the 1920s-30s, long before the Great Depression. Many countries in Europe experienced economic difficulties such as high inflation and instability which spurred on unemployment. However, more specifically, they all take on a different form.
These terms included Germany having to pay reparations to the Allies, Germany having to accept the war guilt, the seizure of German territories and colonies to the allies, limits on German armed forces, and the establishment of the League of Nations. The following essay will discuss the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and analyse how fair the treaty really was. The first term of the Treaty of Versailles was the huge sum of money that Germany had to pay to the Allies - £6600 million to pay for the damage done to the infrastructure of both countries by the war. This amount of money was well beyond Germany’s ability to pay and Germany was hugely affected as a result. A huge sum of money was being taken out of the German economy, which made it extremely difficult for Germany to compete in the trade market.