Fluid Balance P4

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In the body water is received from three sources, fluids drunk, water in food and water produced as a by-product of metabolism. This can vary from the daily lifestyle of the individual, but the body should take in approximately 1.2 litres of fluid a day, this comes from water, soft drinks and alcoholic beverages. Surprisingly only around 330ml is produced from chemical reactions like oxidation of glucose and lipids. Overall the total intake per day is roughly 2.5 litres. Regular water consumption is good for the health and diet, and is essential for many functions of the body. It is important in helping with digestion; the absorption of food, the regulation of body temperature and blood circulation, the carrying of nutrients and oxygen to the cells in the body, and for the removal of toxins. Water also helps with the movement of joints, and helps protect tissues and organs in the body. It is also good to drink water for metabolic and weight loss purposes. Drinking water metabolizes stored fats, and helps maintain proper muscle tone. Most importantly though, drinking water will prevent dehydration, which can have negative effects on the body. By drinking enough water, you keep a regular flow of fluids going in the body so that it can perform its daily functions easily, and effectively. Water can be taken from the body in 4 ways, especially through the skin, loss through skin is caused by evaporation and is known as insensible water loss, water can be lost through swearing to cool the body down. When the body breathes out, the air breathed out is saturated water vapour and finally through excretion of waste, through faeces that are leaving gastro-intestinal tract and through urine this can be roughly 1.5 litres in a day. Depending on the weather the amount of water lost through urine is decreased as during hot weather more water is lost through sweating than urine.

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