In The Inferno by Dante Alighieri, Dante uses great imagery to depict the exact nature of the intense punishments the dwellers of Hell are put through by Satan. Dante uses the Dark Woods to represent a sinful life on Earth, and therefore they are what leads Dante and Virgil into Hell. He uses imagery to describe these woods as “so rank, so arduous a wilderness! Its very memory gives a shape to fear” (Alighieri 4). One of the more drastic punishments in the novel for sinners is for the Sodomites, who were violent against nature; they were punished by having to eternally walk under a rain of fire, constantly burning.
Dante’s Inferno Canto III Explication Canto III begins with Dante reading an inscription above the Gates of Hell. From where Dante is standing, the screams and cries of the damned souls can be heard. These souls were rejected by God and not accepted by Hell; therefore these souls can be found “nowhere” because of their cowardly refusal to choose between God and Satan during their life. Their punishment is to be tormented by wasps and hornets for eternity while remaining in the Ante-Inferno. Dante uses precise descriptive imagery and symbolism to expose the perverse affliction these unfortunate souls are forced to endure and illustrates an insight to their previous life and current suffering to the reader.
Upon arriving in Hell, Dante comes to see that Hell is of no mercy and even the smallest of sins or mistakes can land you there. In Canto III, Dante comes to find the people who failed to choose evil or good in their time on Earth were condemned to a purgatory. This makes the reader and Dante question the expectations of how one should be on Earth and avoid Hell. Dante wants to
Trinculo takes a closer look, and observes that he is ‘legged like a man’ with ‘fins like arms’, so ha concludes that he must be ‘an islander that hath lately suffered by a thunderbolt’. This suggests that he looks deformed, and ill. Staphano also thinks that caliban is a diseased monster because is ‘a monster of this isle who hath, is i take it, got an ague’. Caliban behaves negatively, but also positively. In the negative aspect of his behaviour, when he’s angry he curses Prospero using aspects of nature which means that he must be a spirit of the earth such as ‘toads, bats, beetles, light on you’ and also ‘blister you all over’ and ‘the red plague rid you’. He is not only violent in his speech, but in his actions.
“You are the curse, the corruption of the land!” (401) Tiresias accuses Oedipus of being blind to the truth, despite being able to see he is unable to bring to light what the real problem is. The irony in this is that Oedipus himself is the murderer. Tragedy aids the conclusion of the tale by creating tension, leaves a feeling of sorrow but still concludes in a satisfying way. Tragedy being a theme in this story is portrayed through the entire life of Jocasta. First off, Apollo sent an oracle to deliver a prophecy to Jocasta and King Laius saying “ that doom would strike him down at the hands of a son, our son, to be born of our own flesh and blood.” (787-788) Years later, Jocasta’s husband, King Laius is escorted out of the city when he knocked a traveller on the head with his staff.
Montresor seeks the destruction of his rival due to Fortunato's insult. The need for revenge, in these stories, is shown to hurt other people emotionally and physically. Both these stories exemplify the dark side of human nature. Revenge can overwhelm a person, and become the single most important objective in their life. Throughout the short story "A Cask of Amontillado" Edgar Allan Poe, develops the feelings of revenge, held by the central character Montresor.
The lines that follow will clarify the poem and the violent imagery, so as to help the reader understand Donne’s motivations. Batter my heart, addressed towards God, portrays the writers confused and conflicted state of mind. He appears guilty for his sins he has committed in his life but has come to realise that he has no chance of redemption without the help of God’s love, “imprison me…never shall be free”. He also strongly considers he has been wrongly taken by “your enemy”, Satan through his use of metaphors “imprison me”. Satan has captured him “take me to you” through temptation and sin “unto your enemy”.
Bosola, the spy villain calls this world a "sensible hell" which implies a paradoxical state of being and evil generates evil and there is no mutual reciprocity of good and evil. To substantiate his caustic views Webster uses stark, poignant images of misery and hardships ("I am armed gainst misery") blood-lust, the digging up of graves by Ferdinand and cupping glasses. What is common in all these images is that there is a sense of mystery, secrecy and devilish nuances. He has also dealt with the themes of incest, lycanthropy and madness as subtexts to his main plot structure. He can be contrasted with Shakespeare in his work "The Italian Werewolf" where the wolf frequently appears on stage.
What was I? ', the confusion he presents to us as the readers causes us to feel for him. His abandonment from Victor and uncertainty to where his life is leading, presents how torturous and harsh his life has been as he is not educated on conventions of society and how to live. The Monster is essentially forced to take responsibility of his creator's actions as he failed to make a 'beautiful creature', However instead of taking responsibility the Monster decides that he needs to gain revenge due to Frankenstein's selfish attitude. The Monster compares himself to Satan, 'I
Cain related back to hell and all that is evil, so immediately one may think that Grendel is this evil character due to his heritage. However, he is a misunderstood character who was not given the benefit of the doubt. In the eyes of man, Grendel is an evil monster banished from man’s society, who is now forced to live and see the world in a different perspective. Grendel attempted to fit into man’s world. Though, man’s world is a harsh and judgmental society.