Five Key Challenges That Face Nurses in Their Role to Improve Diabetes Care and to Empower Patients to Develop Self-Management and Life Skills

3557 Words15 Pages
Five Key Challenges that Face Nurses in their Role to Improve Diabetes Care and to Empower Patients to Develop Self-Management and Life Skills Introduction Worldwide it is estimated that there are approximately 346 million people with diabetes. The World Health Organisation (2012) defines diabetes as a ‘chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.’ As a result this causes the glucose concentration in the blood to increase (hyperglycaemia). The focus of this assignment is the most prevalent Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for almost 90% of people with diabetes (NICE 2012), and complications associated with this condition. Also known as ‘non-insulin-dependent’ or ‘adult-onset diabetes’, type 2 diabetes is caused by the body’s inability to manage insulin effectively. It can often result from possessing excess body weight and the lack of any physical activity (WHO 2012). People with type 2 diabetes can be treated with oral medication, but in more serious cases, may also require insulin injections. Type 2 diabetes gives rise to many challenges for primary care staff in preventing and managing complications (Mold et al. 2008). Nurses play a major role in improving diabetes care and empowering patients to develop their self-management and life skills. Managing effectively this disorder is critical since it is associated with serious complications, which may lead to both reduction in longevity and quality of life (Mold et al. 2008). Early diagnosis of diabetes and early interventions can prevent the rise of complications. Obesity, adherence, diabetic foot, depression and micro- and macro-vascular complications are five of the many areas that pose the most challenges for nurses and other healthcare professionals in treatment of the disorder. This assignment will aim

More about Five Key Challenges That Face Nurses in Their Role to Improve Diabetes Care and to Empower Patients to Develop Self-Management and Life Skills

Open Document