Fireside Poets Essay

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The Fireside poets have had a lasting influence on American literature. These great poets included Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, William Cullen Bryant, John Greenleaf Whittier, James Russell Lowell, and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. They are renowned for their poems being easy to memorized and recited. The term “Fireside” comes from this ability as families were able to easily recite the poems around the warmth of a fire (Wiki). Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born on February 27, 1807, to Stephen Longfellow and Zilpah Longfellow in Portland, Maine (Calhoun). He attended his early school years at the prestigious Portland Academy and at age thirteen, he made his first poem, “The Battle of Lovell’s Pond”, Portland Gazette (Calhoun). At age fifthteen, Longfellow enrolled at Bowdoin College. At Bowdoin College, he met a fellow great American novelist in Nathaniel Hawthorne (Arvin). In May of 1826, Longfellow embarked on his journey to Europe to study French, Italian, and Spanish (Calhoun). He returned to the United States in August of 1829. Longfellow then took on professorships at Bowdoin and later at Harvard College. His professorship at Harvard required him to Europe to study aboard for a year. While on his second tour of Europe, Longfellow’s pregnant wife had a miscarriage and both the child and she died (Calhoun). He later remarried, but his wife was allegedly after suffering burns from a fire (Calhoun). Longfellow’s most famous works are “Hyperion, a Romance”, “Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie”, “The Song of Hiawatha”, and “The Children’s Hour”. He has also done translations such as Dantes’s “Divine Comedy”. His writing style is most commonly shown as being lyric poetry (Internet Source). Longfellow died on March 24, 1882 after suffering from stomach pains. William Cullen Bryant was born on November 2, 1794 in Cummington,

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