Fiqh Essay

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Types of legal Commandments According to Islaamic Law, all acts and things may be divided into two main categories: those that are permissible, known as Halaal, and those that are forbidden, known as Haraam. There is nothing in existence which does not fall under one of these two categories. [pic] HALAL (Permissible) The category of Halal is further divided into four sub-Divisions based on the way in which they were made allowable: 1. Wajib or Fard (Obligatory) The act which is considered Waajib must be done. If one does it he is rewarded by Allah, and if he fails to do it (purposely) he has committed a sin and will be punished. How do we know if something is Wajib? If Allah or His Prophet (saws) has said it is Wajib? If Allah or His Prophet (saws) has ordered us to do something without making any exceptions, it is considered Wajib. The proof of this is in Allah’s statement in the Quran. “Whatever the Prophet orders you, do it, and whatever he forbids you, leave it!” Al-Hashr :7 The Quran orders us to worship Allah without partners, establish regular Salah and pay our Zakah in Sorah al-Bayyinah verse 5: “And they were only ordered to worship Allah, alone, establish their Salah and pay their Zakah.” That is the real religion. Therefore, it is Wajib that we worship only Allah, pray out five daily Salah and give our yearly Zakah to the poor. Ifwe do we will be greatly rewarded by Allah, but if we worship someone or something other than Allah, leave our Salah or refuse to pay our Zakah, we will be punished. The Prophet (saws) commanded us saying, “Pray all of you just as you saw me’’. Therefore, it is Wajib on all Muslims to pray in some way that the last Prophet (saws) prayed. If we do so, we will get the full reward of Salah, but if we know the right way and pray another way, we will be punished

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