Fingerprint Collection And Examination

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Fingerprint Collection and Examination CJLE1345 Intermediate Crime Scene Investigation April 13, 2009 Veronica I. Ramos Ramos 1 Fingerprint Collection and Examination The fingerprint collection and examination dates back to ancient Babylon, were the fingerprint was used for business transactions. It was also used as substitute for signatures. Fingerprints were not used to identify personnel until the 1900’s. Juan Francis made the first criminal fingerprint identification card. The card identified a woman who killed her two sons and then cut her own throat in efforts to put the blame on another individual. Her bloody fingerprints were found on a door post, which identified her as the murderer. Since then the use of the fingerprints has come a long way. The fingerprint is now used to help solve crimes and help identify individuals. Fingerprints evidence has helped free innocent people from being falsely accused of a crime. Each individual has a unique fingerprint that can be collected and examined. When retrieving a fingerprint from a scene it must be properly collection and examination by crime scene investigators. With the tremendous growth of technology, the collection and examination process has also grown along the way. The collection process has expanded a great deal from its regular ink pad and fingerprint card. The collection of fingerprints starts by an impression being left behind. Each person has their own distinct friction ridges on the skin of their fingers. When one leaves an impression an outline of the ridges is transferred and duplicated by oil, sweat and other substances on the object that was in contact. There are three different types of fingerprints which could be left behind and collected which are patent, latent and plastic prints. Once the fingerprint is collected it can be sent to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s

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