Financial Accounting Cycle Paper

1031 WordsFeb 10, 20115 Pages
Individual Assignment: Accounting Cycle Paper Prepare a 700- to 1,050-word paper explaining the overall accounting cycle at your organization. Include a description of the people, processes, and systems that are integral to the cycle. The accounting cycle is a logical series of steps that accountants follow to keep necessary accounting records and prepare financial statements. The first two steps are very closely related and are accomplished during the month as transactions occur. Step 1 involves sorting business transactions into an appropriate number of debits and credits to be entered on the accounting records. Step 2 in accounting cycle involves recording this transaction (as debit and credit entries) in a journal for later posting to the general ledger. Posting journal entries to the general ledger, step 3 in the cycle, is generally accomplished at the end of each month which is preparing trial balance. If no journal is maintained, transactions would simply be posted to the ledger as they occurred. Step 4 in the accounting cycle involves making what are called adjusting entries to the general ledger. Step 5 of the accounting cycle is adjusting trial balance which means debit suppose to be equal to credit. Organize the trial balance to make sure that debits equal credits. The trial balance is a listing of all of the ledger accounts, with debits in the left column and credits in the right column. At this point no adjusting entries have been made. The actual sum of each column is not meaningful; what is important is that the sums be equal. Note that while out-of-balance columns indicate a recording error, balanced columns do not guarantee that there are no errors. For example, not recording a transaction or recording it in the wrong account would not cause an imbalance. Correct any inconsistency in the trial balance. If the columns are not in

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