Those statements are income statement, retained earnings statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows. All of which are reviewed as well to provide a complete understanding of accounting in today’s society. Accounting consists of identifying, recording, and communicating the economic events of an organization to interested users (Jerry J. Weygandt, 2008, p. 4). The purpose of accounting is to keep track of all financial events in the company for the internal users or management to make sound decisions regarding the business and also for external users such as investors
The financing activities section analyzes the company's flow of cash from its financing activities. This includes paying bank loans, borrowing from a bank, and any cash that was collected from selling bonds or stocks. While researching for our answers to discussion question two this week, we learned about some common ratios used to analyze financial information; Liquidity Ratios, Profitability Ratios, and Solvency Ratios. We also learned which ratios helped determine specific managerial decisions, each of them. Each ratio used by any company is just as important as the next.
Financial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision Making. Prepare the ratios outlined in the Excel template provided in the Course Materials forum. Depending upon the source, some ratios can be calculated various ways—be sure to calculate these ratios as defined in our text: Financial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision Making. Provide a 750-1,250 memo to your CEO. Address the following items: Provide your calculated ratios.
The financial balance sheet will demonstrate the current and total assets and the current and total liabilities of the business. The financial income statement will demonstrate the projected income, or losses, of the business in a given year. And, the financial statement of cash flows will demonstrate the projected liquidity and the operating cash for the business in a given year. (What is a Pro Forma Financial Statement?, n.d.) A pro forma financial statement is a statement that is usually presented to a potential investor in a company to demonstrate the financial merits of investing. As well, public companies must file a pro forma financial statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
(WebFinance, Inc, 2013) Simplified it is the process of evaluating the current business, let’s say their effectiveness, and their future in their industry. Why is it so important? Financial statement analysis involves the carful select of data from various financial statements, such as the one that we will be referring to in this report. The data from the reports is used primarily to forecast the financial health of the business [in this case Competition Bikes]. When analyzed it makes it easier for c-level executives and management to make future decisions.
The income statement and the balance sheet can often be misleading to an investor as there are many ways to record the dispensing of an asset or other types of financial obligations (Financial Statements: A Step-by-Step Guide to Understanding and Creating Financial Reports, 2009). The cash flow statement contains three sections: the cash flows from operating activities, which shows how much money the business received from operating the business; the cash flows from investing activities, which shows the money the business has gained or loss from investing; and the cash flow from financing activities, which shows the money that was taken in or paid out to finance the different business activities. Using the cash flow statement allows an investor to see if a business is generating more money than is used to operate the business. If this is happening regularly, the business is considered healthy and should be a good
We are going to discuss the level of business risk for some of those factors. In the later part we will also calculate the volatility of some important accounts of the financial statements from the historical data given in the case to get the overall idea about its business risk. Centralized Authority:It has both pros and cons depending on the size of an organization. In a small organization the more the authority is centralized the less it faces business risk. But following centralized organizational structure in a huge corporation like AHP is questionable.
The accounting statements were capital spending schedules, which differed in spending amounts (Mintz & Morris, "Case 2-1 Cynthia Cooper and WorldCom," 2011). When audit personnel, Cynthia Cooper, required an explanation for the difference in the capital spending schedules; finance directors explained it as “prepaid capacity”, but had no knowledge of what “prepaid capacity” meant (Mintz & Morris, "Case 2-1 Cynthia Cooper and WorldCom," 2011). The case from here became even more tainted with dishonest practices and explanations. Cynthia Cooper and Glyn Smith meet with numerous WorldCom directors, executives, and external partners to gained a more in depth understanding of the situation; but continued to receive the run around. There were some WorldCom directors who made entries, but didn’t know what they were for and GAAP support (Mintz & Morris, "Case 2-1 Cynthia Cooper and WorldCom," 2011).
Financial Statements ACC/290 For a successful business and effective performance of the company is necessary to know basic assumptions of the analysis of financial statements. Financial statements is the understanding that the analysis should be subjected to observation, testing, evaluation and formulation of a diagnosis process that took place in company and that as such, are summarized and embodied in the financial report. Financial analysis is exhaustive research quantification, description and evaluating the financial status and performance of business operations. Companies are required to at the end of each financial year, after all business changes its accounting records locked, in order to determine the exact and final state which has the purpose of compiling the financial statements. This report contains information on the financial position, performance and any changes affecting the financial position of
Marriott Corporation: the cost of capital Main focus of the case is to discuss about the approach of calculating hurdle rates and impact of hurdle rate on firm’s financial and operating strategies. Case provides details about the business model comprising of three visions of company and financial strategy of the company. It also provides the financial information of corporation and of each business segment for last few years. Most Importantly, Case includes the key elements of financial strategy and managers’ decisions have the potential of impacting financial strategy in following ways:- Share Repurchasing Buyback of Shares demonstrates the commitment and confidence of decision makers in the organization business model and competencies. However buyback includes discretion at the end of managers and can be used to create false demand in market.