In any country, finances of religious bodies always reflect the link between the State and the religions. Actually there are two different kinds of situation. A State can be laic that is to say that there is no state religion and so the finances of the religious bodies have to be only private. But a State can also be non laic that is to say that there is a state religion and so the finances of religious are partly public because there is no separation between these two entities.
France is well-known for being a laic state and this fact create consequences on the finance of religious bodies existing in this country: financing are in theory exclusively private (I) even if there are some juridical and factual exceptions (II).
I – In theory, finances are exclusively private
Finances of religious bodies in France have to be private because of the 1905 law which requires it (A) and it cause inconveniences (B).
A) Consequence of the 1905 law
If finances of french religious body must be only private, that is the result of the famous law passed on the 9th of December 1905 said “for the separation between the State and the Churches”. This law was very controversial and it divided all the country. Before, the rules implemented were coming from the Concordat law passed by Napoleon in 1801 which recreate links between France and the Vatican. It was the last time in French history that there was a religion state which was obviously Catholicism. This 1905 law declared the separation between the State and the Catholic Church but also with the Lutheran and Calvinist Protestants and the Jews. Today we can apply the separation rule to other religions in French which grown the last decals like Islam.
This law cancelled the principle of state religion in France and it means many things. Firstly, no one is obliged to practice one religion. Nevertheless this freedom of practice is not specific to France and laic countries because all the democratic secular countries...