Final Essay Exam

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Final Essay Examination 1. Describe the major hormonal changes that occur during adolescence. Describe girls’ reactions to menarche and boys’ reactions to Spermarche during puberty. What factors influence the way adolescents respond? Describe the impact of puberty on parent-child interactions and the adaptive value of this change in adolescents’ relationships with their parents. Pubescent is the period throughout which developing young man or young ladies experience the procedure of sexual development. Pubescent includes an arrangement of physical stages or steps that prompt the accomplishment of richness and the improvement of the assumed optional sex attributes, the physical characteristics connected with grown-up guy and females, for example, the development of pubic hair. While adolescence includes an arrangement of biological and physical transformations, the process can also have an effect on the psychosocial and emotional development of the adolescent.(Berk, 2010) Leptin, a hormone produced by fat cells (adipocytes) in the body, has been suggested as a possible mediator of the timing of puberty. In research studies, animals defiant in Leptin did not undergo puberty, but puberty began when leptin was administered to the animals.(Chehab, Mounzih, Lu, & Lim, 1997) Further, girls with higher concentrations of the hormone leptin are known to have an increased percentage of body fat and earlier onset of puberty than girls with lower levels of leptin. The concentration of leptin in the blood is known to increase just before puberty in both boys and girls. Leptin is one of multiple influences on the hypothalamus, an area of the brain that releases a hormone known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which in turn signals the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). LH and FSH secretion by the pituitary is

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