Film Terms Essay

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Film terms Using these terms will help you to analyse and explain moving image sequences in film, television or advertising. Framing What’s included and excluded in an individual shot. Very long shot/wide shot A shot in which figures appear small in the landscape. Often used at the beginning of a film or sequence as an ‘establishing shot’ to show where the action is taking place; also used to make a figure appear small or isolated. Long shot A shot in which a figure can be seen from head to toe. Mid shot Shows the figure from approximately the waist to the head. In a mid shot, you can easily recognise an individual but you can also see what they are doing with their hands. Medium close up From chest to head Close-up Head and shoulders, enabling you to easily see facial expressions, so you can see what characters are thinking and feeling Big close up Head only, used when expressions are important Extreme close-up From just above the eyebrows to just below the mouth, or even closer: used to emphasise facial expression or to make the subject appear threatening. Other useful terms for shots are: Two shot Any shot with two people in it Point of view shot A shot from a character’s point of view Reaction shot A shot showing a character’s expression as they react to something Noddy A type of reaction shot used in interviews, where we see the interviewer apparently reacting to the interviewee Over-the-shoulder shot A shot in which we see a character over another’s shoulder, often used in interviews or dialogues Lens The type of lens, and how it’s used, can make a big difference to the meaning of a shot. Wide-angle shot (taken with a wide-angle lens) This has the effect of seeming to exaggerate perspective. It's often used to make the viewer feel that they are close to the action. If it's used for
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