Field Note: Geography, Trade, and Development Essay

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FIELD NOTE: Geography, Trade, and Development a) What explains Timbuktu’s fall from economic power? The city’s wealth has been from controlling the trans-Sahara trade in gold, salt, ivory, kola nuts and slaves. When this trade shifted with the development of sea trade routes, Timbuktu lost its strategic position and its reputation. b) Explain in detail, and in your own words, how levels of wealth differ along the difference segments of the “commodity chain” The links in commodity chain adds up to the product some percentages in every place where the product is sold or bought. It produces different levels of wealth for the place and the people where production occurs. c) How does the text distinguish between “core” regions and “peripheral” regions? Core regions tend to have high skill levels, high salaries, sophisticated technology, extensive research and development, where peripheral regions have the low salaries, low technology and low skill levels. 2) “Disease” a) Where are vectored diseases geographically most common in general? WHY? Vectored diseases are most common in most of the African countries particularly in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. The bacteria of this disease multiplies and travels fast because of the humid, wet, moist tropic climate. b) Which specific places have highest malaria endemicity (places to which malaria is naturally confined)? Particularly, southern and western African countries such as, Congo, Burundi, Tanzania and Gambia, Burkina-Faso, Togo and southern part of Madagascar. c) What is the monthly death toll of children by malaria? In what age range are most children that are killed by the disease? (1pt) Around 15000 children are killed each month by malaria globally and most of the victims are children age 5 or younger. d) What were the two drawbacks

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