After a short stint in prison Castro was released into exile in Mexico. While in Mexico Castro gathered a group of 82 other revolutionaries and began to plan another landing into Cuba. On December 2, 1956 Castro and his 82 companions landed near the Sierra Maestra Mountains in Cuba (7). His numbers were soon reduced by attacks by the troops of Cuba’s US backed dictator Batista (7). Cuba and his remaining followers fled to the mountains were his numbers grew bolstered by peasants and defecting soldiers who joined his guerrilla army.
Second, Castro was a charismatic communist and the US government feared that communism would spread. The United Stated wanted to create a new non-communist Cuba with a new leader and a new government that was friendly to them. Their goal was to overthrow Castro and his regime. The USSR and the US were the two super powers at the time and were competing in nearly everything during this period of time. The USSR was helping Cuba.
On the night of January 8th, Deslondes gathered his men, and carried out his plan for the revolt, the first attack was plantation home of Manuel Andry. Upon entering Andry’s home, Deslondes and the twenty-five slave rebels stormed into Andry’s room killing his son, Gilbert Andry, only wounding Manuel who escaped. Deslondes decided that it would be fruitless to send men chasing after Manuel, and with his ambitions greater than killing one planter he allowed Manuel Andry to escape, believing Andry posed little threat to his slave army. The rebel army grew quickly between 100 to 500 slaves from plantation to plantation, invading planters homes, killing them and stealing guns and
A group of people who, in my opinion, are still oppressed today is the people of Cuba (specifically the Afro-Cubans). As long as they have the president and government that they have, they will continue to be oppressed. These people are connected to the American Civil Rights era by they too are subject to racism and are politically, socially, and civilly oppressed. They want to be freed from the shackles of oppression and racism, just like African-Americans wanted to be free. But the difference between the both is that Cuba has yet to have a Civil Rights movement, unlike America there is much oppression still going on and it doesn’t seem to be slowing down anytime soon.
Hearing of these rights, along with the rumors that they'd been freed by the king, began talk of their true freedom from slavery. Document 3, spoken by Jean-Marie d'Augy, who was strongly for slavery, says that the slaves in Haiti, were no good for anything else then to provide the labor of farming sugar and coffee, the two main products given to the French. An additional document that would provide a better look into the origins of the Haitian Revolution would be a slave's testament to the harsh labor they underwent daily. The process of the revolution was even worse than the origins. They changed the world's outlook of the Haitian people.
In order to understand the reasons for the invasion we must look at the fear and loathing the U.S. had for Communism. The “Red Scare” and the “Domino Theory” were dominating American Culture and America had an extreme paranoia against the Soviet Union and the spread of Communism. Cuba was a country that sat about 90 miles off the shores of Florida and had a fierce dictator in charge, Fulgencio Batista. Fidel Castro had overthrown the government of Batista and established a new government. A few weeks after the ousting of Batista, Castro is appointed premier.
Reinaldo Arenas lived in an era of great heartache which was known to many as the Cuban Revolution, which he helped bring to power in 1959. Arenas was given a scholarship by the Castro regime, that allowed the government of Cuba to steer the young men to become communists. Arena writes, "But we were so full of enthusiasm that we could not believe, or did not want to believe anything seriously bad might happen. It is almost impossible for human beings to imagine so many calamities befalling them at the same time; we had suffered continuous dictatorships, incessant abuse, and unrelenting mistreatment by those in power" (56). Even though Arenas was faced with serious challenges, he found a way to continually write what came to his mind so
It is a well known fact that US is completely against the communist approach which lead to a great lot of clashes among the two regions. Cuba succeeded over the Bay of Pigs invasion attempt by US. Castro is looked upon a great communist leader who kindled the communist feeling in the Latin America as well. Fidel Castro handled things strategically and established a self sufficient communist region which is first of its kind in the Western region. Fidel Castro achieved a great deal of success in his protests against US and this inspired Latin America region to do the same as well.
During the early 1960’s, the Dominican Republic struggled to keep democracy after getting rid of a military leader, Rafael L. Trullo, and was threatened by a military group to seize power. In the article Background Notes On Countries of the World, it points out that “Bosch was overthrown in a military coup in September 1963” (4). According to the article, there were numerous occasions where the military used violence in order to force Bosch to hand them the authority for government. This resulted the invasion by the Americans “to protect U.S. citizens and to evacuate U.S. and other foreign nationals” (4). After entering the United States, the Dominicans fell into a complicated situation which the authors of Sociological Forum states that the Dominicans “discover that they are part of an ethnic group, Latinos or Hispanos…” Because of moving to the US, identity became an issue in racial grouping for Dominicans, as black and white was the only division for skin colour.
Cuba is a nation that is misperceived and confused in terms of its economic and social classifications. Throughout the past Cuba has experienced many economic turmoil and triumphs. There are various opinions as to the current economic standing of Cuba however there is only one reality of how the people of Cuba continue to live in a socialist dictatorship. The World Bank (2003) states that poverty is an exacerbation of deprivation resulting from the interaction of economic, social and political processes (p. 15). These deprivations prevent Cubans from living the kind of life that everyone values causing vulnerability to illness, and economic disparities.