Fidel Castro Essay

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Emmanuel Grady Glenn Chambers HIST 440 December 1, 2012 Fidel Castro’s Political Strategy The United States and Cuba have maintained what seems to be a very conflicting relationship for over 40 years. Following the Spanish-American War the United States would have a major influence on polices in Cuba. Batista a U.S. appointed military leader served as President of Cuba from 1940 to 1949 and dictator from 1952 to 1959. In Marta Harnecker’s “Fidel Castro’s Political Strategy,” she displays the ways in which Fidel Castro was able to rise and take control of Cuba and ultimately disconnect itself from the United States. The sole purpose of this book is to give an overall view of Fidel Castro’s political leadership, based on letters and speeches as the central leader of the Cuban revolution. The Cuban people’s Party was widely known as the Orthodox party. Harneck explains its importance to Castro’s movement. It was a populist, multi-class party made up of workers, farmers, and middle class people. The group’s political framework was Marxist and followed the ideas of Jose Marti. In 1953 group of young people would attack the Moncada garrison which would later come to be known as the July 26 movement. Though the attack was a failure it became a movement. According to letters from Fidel the Moncada attack was much more than an attack to overthrow the dictatorship but a method to address the country’s ignored economic and social stagnation. Harnecker sums up Fidel Castro’s strategy in the building of the vanguard for the revolutionary process as a necessarily means for a revolution since their can't be revolution without the people fully behind it. Castro according to Harneck, acted on the objective conditions, eliminating contradictions which in fact speed up the revolutionary process in the country. Castro realized that carrying out this revolution would be more

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