Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disease Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal alcohol syndrome is a growth, mental and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks during pregnancy. When a woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price with mental and physical deficiencies for his or her entire life. When a pregnant mother chooses to use and abuse alcohol during her pregnancy, she is also passing the alcohol to her unborn child through the placenta and drinking alcohol can cause harm to the baby’s development. Any pregnant mother who drinks alcohol while pregnant is at risk for having a child with fetal alcohol syndrome. No “safe” level of alcohol use during pregnancy has been established and larger amount of alcohol consumed appear to increase the problems. According to the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, alcohol uses is most harmful during the first three months of pregnancy; however, drinking alcohol at anytime during pregnancy can be harmful and binge drinking is more harmful than consuming alcohol in smaller amounts (2011). A baby with fetal alcohol syndrome may have low birth weights, small head circumference, indistinct philtrum (an underdeveloped groove between the nose and upper lip), small upper jaw, poor coordination/fine motor skills, organ dysfunction, behavioral problems and many others that affect his or her entire life (Kids Health, 2011, para 2). A physical exam of the baby may show a heart murmur or other heart defects. As the infant grows, there may be signs of delayed mental development and there also may be problems with the face and bones. There are tests that can be done on mother and baby to indicate fetal alcohol syndrome is present or may become present in baby when it’s born. Alcohol use in the mother may be tested in a blood alcohol test or a pregnancy ultrasound. A

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