The FDA issued a warning about benzocaine, the active ingredient in oral pain medications such as Orajel on April 7, 2011. The FDA warns that benzocaine use has the potential to induce a potentially fatal side effect whereby the blood carries significantly lower amounts of oxygen. This condition, known as methemoglobinemia, can in rare cases cause death or brain injury and damage to the body tissues. The potential for life-threatening or long-term damages from methemoglobinemia due to benzocaine is further compounded in very young children. Free Orajel Lawsuit Review Benzocaine products do not currently contain warnings of methemoglobinemia, which the FDA stated as a grave cause for concern since consumers, parents and caregivers are in most
Date: march 21st,2012 The press releases make casual claims from data that is only correlation, for example, they make a claim that nicotine boosts levels of cortisol which is a stress hormone. The press also claims that increased level of cortisol can result into weird hallucinations. However, this is a complete misrepresentation of what the Durham University researchers found. The researches found that cortisol role is to translate the experience of the experience of psycho-social stressors to psychosis. The misconception is that caffeine directly leads to increase in stress levels because cortisol is involved.
Many of the drugs that are abused by our youth were manufactured and marketed to Americans by big pharmaceutical companies. These drugs are supposed to be used to lessen pain, but more times than not they are prescribed with little regard to the risks they pose. This is where the problem lies, doctors throwing prescriptions to people for small injuries which in turn into a dependency problem. ”Drugs like fentanal, codene, oxycodone, hydrocodone and methadone (which is used to help treat people with opioid addictions) together are linked to 75% of prescription drug overdoses each year. These dangerous drugs are all over our streets in urban and in rural parts of the U.S.
One of the major problems that crystal meth has is the overdose rate. According to Volkow, with crystal meth “50% of the drug is removed from the body in 12 hours,” but with cocaine “50% of the drug is removed from the body in 1 hour.” This shows how much more powerful methamphetamine is opposed to other drugs like cocaine. The most popular type of methamphetamine is referred to as ice and that is what people smoke. “The effects of ice…stimulate the brain to a greater degree than regular methamphetamine but stimulates the heart, blood vessels, and lungs to a lesser degree. The decrease in cardiovascular effects, up to 25% less than that of regular [meth], encourages users to smoke more, resulting in more overdoses and a quicker disruption of neurotransmitters” (Neurosoup).
When you’re in pain nothing is enjoyable, you can be irritable and unpleasant to be around. Medicinal marijuana is one of the leading drugs for pain relief. When cancer patient are on chemo it can be very nauseating, marijuana can relive that feeling after just ten minutes of taking it. For those patient suffering from HIV/AIDS marijuana can assist in stimulating their appetite. “The Institute of Medicine panel concluded that marijuana has some therapeutic value for pain relief, control of nausea and vomiting, and appetite stimulation, and should be studied further in order to develop new cannabinoid drugs.
Caffeine is physically addictive and causes withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit drinking it regularly. The withdrawal symptoms range from headaches and migraines, tiredness, and bad mood. Nicotine is the second most widely used psychoactive drug as 66.5 million Americans over the age 12 used a nicotine containing product in 2001 (Cherry, 2013). Nicotine also produces the same effects of caffeine on the brain and users can focus more deeply. The prescriptive and illegal forms of stimulants include cocaine, amphetamines, and prescription stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin.
When the body detects stress, the SNS is activated which leads to raised heart rate, which leads to higher blood pressure which can lead to Chronic Heart Disease, heart attack, stroke etc. The Beta Blocker is taken then and it acts by reducing activity of adrenaline and noradrenaline and also binds to the receptors of the heart and other areas of the body stimulated by arousal. As a result of blocking these receptors, it is therefore harder to stimulate them and so the heart beat is slowed, and therefore lower blood pressure. A strength of drug treatment is that they are proven to be affective, for example Kahn et al tested 250 participants over 8 weeks, and found that BZs were better than a placebo. The drugs are also very quick and easy to use, and do not require extra effort or stress that could be incurred using other, longer methods of stress management.
with high dosages, meaning users are more at risk (but not guaranteed) to experience side effects such as but not limited to: development of horrific acne and scarring, male breast tissue, baldness, testicular atrophy, high blood pressure, liver tumors, and jaundice. The reason they are illegal is because the amount of steroids required to reach one’s maximum potential is considered abuse. “Withdrawal symptoms such as mood swings, fatigue, restlessness, and depression…have been known to persist for a year or more after the abuser stops taking the drugs.” (Tolliver) Also at that high of dosage users are subject to become addicted to the drug based on the quick and positive results they
Kayla Tille Robertson ENG 105 FD-25 28 November 2012 Who is to Blame for Prescription Drug Abuse? There has been a rise in deaths due to prescription drug abuse over the past few years. It has always been a problem, but lately there has been a rise. In some cases, the people who have overdosed are prescribed medicine from the same doctors. Because of some of the patients being linked to one another through the same doctor, the question has arisen; who is responsible for these deaths?
In healthy patients, these drugs induce effects similar to Parkinson’s disease. Amphetamines seem to increase the level of dopamine in the brain and research has shown that giving amphetamines to sufferes of SCH often worsens their symptoms. A problem with studies carried out into levels of dopamine and SCH is that they are carried out post-mortems. Because of this we cant say if the increase in dopamine is a cause or effect of