DBQ Japan and India In the period from the 1800s to the 1930s, Japan and India both saw a great increase in the use of machines in the textile industry. Both countries had similar recruitment techniques but differed greatly in who the workers were, and their working conditions. Documents 1, 2, and 6 all show the increased use of machines and declined use of handmade items in India and Japan. (Document 1) which is the Indian textiles chart shows how India used more machines to create a greater amounts of pounds and yards from 1884 to 1914. The chart shows that machine-spun yarn became of greater quantities as opposed to hand-spun yarn due to the increase in machines.
The lives of women on the Home Front were greatly affected by World War I The lives of women were greatly affected by the war, mainly in a positive way in the long run. Before the war upper-class women did not work, in contrast working class women worked in professions such as maids or working in factories as a way to provide for their families. Statistics show that as many as 11% of women worked as domestic servants before the war. The war also helped the social status of women dramatically in a positive manner as well as giving women the chance to work in a greater variety of jobs, although after the war they were expected to return to their original traditional housewife role. When the war broke out in August 1914, thousands of women lost their jobs in dressmaking, millenary and jewellery making.
There were several causes that all contributed in different degrees. These causes sent reformers into action to try to prevent such unnecessary deaths. Von Drehle immediately introduces the reader to Clara Lemlich. Lemlich worked as a draper which was a very skilled job. She had friends that were involved with labor organization within the garment industry.
The women's work played an important part as shown in source F. Source F is statistics showing the numbers of women doing various jobs in 1914 and 1918. We do not know who it was produced by, or when it was produced, but from the large increase in the number of women doing manufacturing work, we can probably assume that women working in factories was encouraged, if not by their fellow employees, then by the government. The purpose of the source is to show how numbers of women working in various areas of employment changed during the First World War. The changes are significant, in 1914 there were "2,178,600" working in manufacturing which rose to "2,970,600" in 1918, an increase of almost eight hundred thousand. Women working in transport rose from "18,200" to "117,200" and civil service rose from "262,000" to "460,000".
They were also doing jobs such as welding, riveting and engine repair. During World War II, over 6 million women took wartime jobs in factories or farms ("Women in World War II”). They were helping meet the wartime production for planes, tanks, ships, and weapons. Without the women working, the United States would not have been able to keep up with the wartime production of weapons. Some women worked so long in the factories that they had to move closer to the factory.
DBQ - Comparing the Characteristics of the Mechanization of the Cotton Textile Industry in Japan and India during the Late-19th and early-20th centuries During the period of time from the 1880s to the 1930s, Japan and India both visually perceived a great incrementation of the utilization of machines in the textile industry. Both of these countries had similar recruitment techniques, but differed when it came to who the workers were and where they emanated from, and the working conditions they had in the mill. Documents 1, 2, and 6 all show the incremented utilization of machines in India and Japan. The Indian textiles chart in Document 1 shows how India utilized more machines to create more yarn and cloth in 1914 than in 1884. The chart shows how machine-spun yarn becomes of greater quantities as opposed to hand-spun yarn, as well as how the amount of machine-made cloth is quickly catching the amount of hand-woven cloth, which shows how the utilization of machines is incrementing.
Two women by the names of Constance Bowman and Clara Marie Allen told the story of what went on daily while they worked at the bomber plant. A couple of questions needed to be answered though. What does Slacks and Calluses reveal about social class in lives of women? Does Slacks and Calluses support the idea that the country eagerly embraced the idea of women leaving the home to work in factories for war production? Did the women in the factories work there out of a sense of patriotism, or because they lacked other opportunities?
We Can Do It Statistics show that during World War II the number of working American women jumped from nearly 9 million to 20 million merely because of a simple poster encouraging women (Wiki). This poster of a now well know woman, Rosie the Riveter, refer to a period in American history that can be considered the beginning of a major shift in the role of women. During World War II, when millions of men were conscripted or voluntarily joined the armed forces, defense plants in the United States had to continue producing needed artillery, weapons, and other goods for the war effort. At the time, reasonably few women worked outside the home, and even fewer would have worked in factories like those producing airplanes and other military goods. Enlisted to see to it that production did not decrease in this time of emergency, the female
According to Sarah Killngsworth, “The war started and jobs kinda opened up for women that men had. I took a job at a shoe-repair store on Wilshire Boulevard. Cleanin’ shoes and dyin’ shoes, the same thing that men did.” Rosie the Riveter is widely known as the symbol of feminism and women’s economic power. “The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter” by Connie Field, although the documentary was only an hour long, went into great detail to explain the “new place in society” that white and black women had during the time of World War II. Field chose five women to interview and talk about their experiences during the war, stressing the working conditions that the high volume of war production built for black and white women.