Female Genital Mutilation Essay

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HEALTH DEVELOPMENT FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION KAREN EMERY Monday 12th May 2008 DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PART FULFILMENT FOR THE BSc (HONS) DEGREE IN (HEALTH DEVELOPMENT) INTRODUCTION 3-6 METHODS 7-9 TRADITION 10-18 HEALTH IMPLICATIONS 19-27 EXTENT OF PROBLEM 28 INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS 29-41 CONCLUSION 42-47 APPENDIX 49 INTRODUCTION In the world today it is estimated that 100-140 million girls and women have been subjected to the practice of female genital mutilation also known as female cutting. Around 3 million girls under the age of 15 undergo this procedure every year. (Who no 72 2006) World wide prevalence is in more than twenty six African Countries and amongst a few minority groups in Southeast Asia. It is also a health problem because of the way it is done and the severity of the cutting and the long and short term implications.(WHO) 2000 No 241 Over the past two decades, FGM elimination has gained increasing recognition as a health and human rights issue among governments, the international community and professional health associations. As a result of efforts by some individuals, NGOs and the United Nations a global, regional and national consensus against FGM has emerged. The many different myths, beliefs, values and codes of conduct that cause the communities where it is prevalent view the women’s external genitalia as a potential danger and if not eliminated then it has the power to negatively affect women, their families and their community. To ensure that women conform to the practice they have strong enforcement mechanisms within the community and these include the rejection of women who have not undergone FGM as potential marriage partners, immidiate divorce, derogatory songs, public exhibitions and witnessing of complete removal before

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