Within Liberian culture the practice of FGC is highly significant and is linked to the Sande or the women’s secret society. Within this culture, women are not perceived as adults, not eligible for marriage, not able to join the Sande, or bear children unless they have had the procedure. The procedure is typically performed when the girls are prepubescent but may be done as early as 3 years old. There are typically two types of FGC practiced. The first is the removal of the clitoris and the labia minora but leaving the labia majora intact.
Furthermore, lay practitioners who have little or no knowledge of medicine or human anatomy almost always perform female circumcision without anesthetic. It has been practiced in different parts of the world such as in the Middle East – where it is most common in Yemen, Iraq, Jordan, and Syria, Africa, and Indonesia. According to the World Health Organization, it has been “documented in 28 countries in African and in several countries in Asia and the Middle East ”. In Africa , female circumcision is considered as an element of a rite of passage for women. It prepares young girls for womanhood and marriage.
Female genital modification or mutilation in the novel was seen more as a purification process. It is never truly stated as to why Firdaus’ undergoes the mutilation but it does go to show that society doesn’t provide much choice for women in that predicament. Women, young or old aren’t given a choice, it’s just an unequal custom of society. This takes me to the next conflict, women and education. Firdaus is later sent to
Many women in India died trying illegal abortion as a result of the penal code. Ever since 1971 and the other following years, India’s abortion laws, only qualified doctors under specified circumstances were able to perform abortion on a women in a hospital or clinic. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, was passed by the Indian Parliament in 1971. The MTP Act of India states all of the conditions under which a pregnancy can be ended or aborted, Some of these are rape, women whose physical or mental health were in danger of extinction by the pregnancy, the women facing the birth of a malformed child or handicapped and many more. The pregnancy must not go beyond twenty weeks to qualify an
By 1804, St.Domingue was the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere. The majority of the Caribbean population are not aware about the contributions which enslaved Caribbean women made towards the resistance of the slave system. Hence this page seeks to discuss, “Natural Rebels” How appropriate is this when applied to enslaved Caribbean women. It was the famous reggae artist Bob Marley who sang ‘Get up, stand up and stand up for your rights.’ Hence enslaved Caribbean women were concerned with their humanity. Also from the book Natural Rebels Hilary MCD Beckles says “Some women were already accustomed to resisting certain forms of oppression in traditional societies, and acts of insurrection and defiance were part of their social behavioural patterns.” In the mid-18th century the price of enslaved Africans had a major increase in the British Caribbean.
Infibulations, Clitoridectomy, and Excision are the types of genital mutilation procedures. Infibulations is the most dangerous form and it is the removal of all or part of the genitalia it is also called Pharaomic Circumcision. Researchers from University of Virginia says that “infibulations is also the stitching of the vaginal opening except for a small hole for menstrual blood, is the most extreme version.” (qtd. In Dakar 45) In less conventional forms of Clitoridectomy this removes part or all of the clitoris. The removal of all or part of the labia minora is Excision.
Unfortunately, these very young girls do not have a choice in this ritual that is performed on them. The problem of female circumcision is the extremely serious health risks and the psychological problems that will follow these girls for the rest of their lives. One solution to this problem is to pass a law to ban FGC world-wide. Another solution is to educate the women to the dangers and let it be a personal choice rather than one made for them. All across the world young girls are being subjected to a ritual know as FGC.
The Pros and Cons of Episiotomy Episiotomy is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made in the perineum to widen the vulval outlet during childbirth. The extent of this procedure has changed over the past century. Now, episiotomy is like a routine procedure for difficult childbirth. I think this topic is worth researching because of all the dangers and trauma after vaginal birth that is caused by an episiotomy, and also the lack of knowledge about this procedure by childbearing women. The client’s outcomes expected from the three articles chosen are: the client will...
She placed a piece of root from an old tree between my teeth. ‘Bite on this.’ I was frozen with fear. ‘This is going to hurt!’ I mumbled over the root,” Waris Dirie reveals in her book, Desert Flower (192). Many women and children suffer from female genital mutilation (FGM), also called female circumcision, every day. Ever since the moment she was mutilated, Dirie knew she had to help women escape the trauma she had experienced.
I am sure most of you would say that you feel angry, frustrated, and sad.Each year, about 1.3 million women in the United States have an abortion to end a pregnancy. Of teenage women who become pregnant, about 35% choose to have an abortion rather than bear a child.. Two-thirds of all abortions occur in women who have never been married (Ladies and gentlemen,) do u know the actual way how abortion is conducted?? Today, I am going to inform you about two of the most common ways to do an abortion. Body (The first method of abortion is) 1.