In the western civilization when we prepare for womanhood or marriage, the words female circumcision and female mutilation are not heard of. Some people have never even heard of a practice of female circumcision, female genital mutilation, or female genital cutting. Let’s start with the definition of Female Genital Cutting; is the partial or total cutting away of the female external female genitalia (Guttmacher, 1997). It has been practiced for centuries in Africa, Egypt and Sudan just to name a few. According to Guttmcaher Institute, FGC is currently practiced in at least 28 countries.
Assign appropriate E/M codes for the following five cases: • Initial consultation is performed for a 78-year-old woman with unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, and rectal bleeding. A comprehensive history and examination is performed. This patient is a new patient and it is necessary to get the patients health and family history. Since the patient is a new patient she needs a comprehensive amount of data. It is very important to get the history to figure out what may be causing these symptoms.
Within both of the cultures, societal role was often determined by ethnicity as well as gender and Few points out that the perspective of historians has always been shaped by the assumption that this discrimination led to the utter oppression of those in marginalized groups. Women Who Live Evil Lives serves to denounce this general assumption by telling stories of women who despite having all the cards stacked against them, managed to assume places of “cultural authority” in both slave society and the society at large. In order to effectively analyze Few’s argument about cultural authority, we must first take a look at the gender and racial distinctions that existed in Santiago de Guatemala during the time of the Audiencias. Ethnic discrimination, was a major part of colonial
Here the stages of life can be traced in the ceramic art of ancient Colombia, which highlights images of females from sexual maturity, through pregnancy, childbearing, and in their full mature ability−sitting on a bench is symbolic for being a shamanic leader and or chief. Giving birth to life and holding onto it were both considered miraculous and noteworthy in ancient times− maternal death during childbirth and infant mortality rates were high, and lifespans were short. Most people did not live long enough to get wrinkles. The pregnant woman holds her hand to the sides of her swollen belly. This is a familiar human gesture but also serves to frame and bring out her fullness.
Female circumcision is a brutal act practices mainly in Third World Countries like West Africa, Europe, Egypt, England, and North America to name a few. Female circumcision defined according to WebMD.com is the removal of parts of a female’s external genitalia (reproductive organs), usually the clitoris. Female circumcision can also be called female genital mutilation (FGM); there are different types of female genital mutilation: Sunna, Excision or Clitoridectomy, Intermediate, and lastly Infibulation or Pharaonic. What is common, among the different types of FGM they all remove what is known as the pleasure parts of the female genital area, while Infibulation goes further by stitching the vagina close except for a small whole, which for some reason is preserved with slivers of wood or matchsticks. Different countries use different types of female genital mutilation.
Lots and lots of babies in this time period. Pregnancies started young, and often came back to back not allowing mothers to have much time to heal from the previous. This movie portrays it as Loretta Lynn has her first early in her marriage to Oliver and having four children by the age of twenty (20). This is definitely a stand true stereotype that I can understand. Working in the emergency department of our local hospital, I see so many young girls ranging from fourteen (14) and older having babies while still being babies themselves.
ENWR-105-BX 18 November 2013 In the essay “Female Chauvinist Pigs” by Ariel Levy, the author argues that women participate in practices that are responsible for their oppression. Levy’s argument is that women participate in “raunch culture” as means of embracing sexism and exploitation toward the idea of gaining empowerment. While some woman like Sheila Nevins, feel empowered and liberated by aspects of raunch culture, other woman like Tyra Banks, co-producer of ANTM, is discussed in “Ghetto Bitches, China Dolls, and Cha Cha Divas” by Jennifer Pozner using racist stereotypes in order to gain power. The judges in the show say they try and promote inclusive beauty standards actually reinforce racial stereotypes. Women are willing to participate in practices that oppress them because they want power.
Imagine a five year old girl lying in a grass hut bloody from the waist down, legs bound and what is left of her female parts on the ground next to her and her mother telling that this was her special day—a rite passage to womanhood. This day faces nearly every girl in Somalia, which they cannot contest nor is the procedure irreversible after it is done. It is called female circumcision or also known as female genital cutting (FGC). This practice dates back nearly two thousand years and it is estimated that 120 to 140 million girls world-wide go through the ritual of female circumcision. Unfortunately, these very young girls do not have a choice in this ritual that is performed on them.
The removal of all or part of the labia minora is Excision. During infibulations, as the legs are held down the labia minora is held together by stitches or thorns. The procedures are undergone by groups of close relatives. The procedure takes place in the home of the girl or woman being circumcised. Female Genital Mutilation starts as early as birth and
Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation, is most common throughout many African countries. It is least common in North America. The main reason for female circumcision to be done in the North American countries is because of the immigrants who come to North America and continue to practice their religious and cultural beliefs. For this reason many people throughout that continent are left in the dark over the controversy the subject of female circumcision is making and has been making for many years. One major reason that female circumcision is so controversial is that it is not very hygienic and many health risks come with it.