Federal Prison Comparison

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Federal Prison Comparison Eleonora Gars CJA234/WH10BCJ10 April 05, 2011 Barbara Ann Fuselier Federal Prison Comparison The U.S. Congress formally established the Federal Bureau of Prison in 1930. By then, a fairly considerable federal corrections system already existed. Courts had been created in 1789, and seven prisons had been gradually established from the last decade of the 19th century. Individuals found guilty of federal offenses could be fined, given corporal punishment, or held in state, local, or federal facilities. The federal correctional system, although predominantly a 20th century creation, has its roots, in other words, in the 18th and 19th centuries. The so-called Three Prison Act, which was passed in 1891, began the process of creating the federal prison system by identifying three sites around the country for first penitentiaries. Development, however, was slow, and 6 years passed before ground breaking began on the first of the penitentiaries, U.S. Penitentiary Leavenworth. It took inmates 25 years to build Leavenworth Penitentiary. They lived in an old military fort, an appropriated by the federal government, while they were engaged in the construction of a modern building, designed to hold 1,200 men. These three institutions made up the entire system for many years. They gradually became heavily overcrowded when new laws, such as the Volstead Act in 1918, which introduced Prohibition, caused the federal population to grow exponentially. In response to the increased numbers of federal offenders of both sexes, Federal Prison Camp Alderson, the first women’s prison, was opened in 1928, and Alcatraz, commonly viewed as a precursor to today’s super maximum secure facilities, followed in 1934. Within 10 years of the creation of the Bureau of Prisons, the federal prison population and the number facilities bad almost doubled. The

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