The fact that more than one million visitors enter the U.S through 1 of 327 official ports of entry not including Mexico shows that any corruption could allow a significant threat to enter this country. These examples are just a handful of what the FBI spends their budget on. This $8.3billion budget is used to keep the U.S safe and secure from foreign and domestic threats. As the years pass, there are
Since the bank has permitted billions to be laundered, it is now faces penalties of billions of dollars. The senate is also accusing HSBC of overlooking signs and warnings that would have clogged the money laundering from place like Iran and Mexico. The senate report alleges that from 2005, the HSBC violated the Bank Secrecy Act and other anti-money laundering laws on a massive scale. Many of the issues is that the bank maintained high risk account affiliated with suspected Mexican drug cartels such as the Casa de Cambio which is a place in Mexico for money laundering. And large cash transactions connected to Iran and other international countries under the U.S. economic sanctions.
Immigration Laws Many Americans continue to debate over immigration and its effects to the United States. Recent bills have passed that allow for state and local law enforcement to have control over immigration laws. Immigration laws should be enforced and controlled by the federal government rather than state and local law enforcement. State government in Arizona passed SB 1070 which allows state and local police to check the immigration status of anyone whom they arrest and allows police to stop and arrest anyone whom they believe to be an illegal immigrant. Such bills go as far as making it a crime if people fail to carry registration papers.
Federalism is included in the Constitution by showing that powers were divided between the central government and the states. In document A the chart describes the powers of the states and Central Government. The Central Government pas the power to regulate trade, declare war, provide the army and the navy, and conduct all foreign relations. The states had powers like setting up school, setting up a local government, hold elections, regulate in-state businesses, and pass laws about marriage and divorce. The Central Government and the states also share some powers like taxes, setting up courts, making laws, enforcing laws, and borrowing money.
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 This book talks about the illicit transactions in drugs by organized crime. This book also talks about the risks of organized crime. This book also talks about how organized crime’s interest in gambling began with casino gambling during prohibition and numbers running in inner city areas. Ianni, Francis, A.J. and Elizabeth Reuss-Ianni.
Drivers are arrested daily, some being first time offenders while many are repeat offenders. Although laws differ from state to state here is a typical routine facing repeat offenders “Getting an attorney in hopes of getting a reduced a reduced sentence or pleading to a reduced charge is a waste of time and money in many states. The penalties that the judge must impose are mandated by state law. In some states even first offenders may be facing license suspensions and a weekend in jail” is quite lenient in my opinion. “Many states have passed a Habitual violator law, which provide felony penalties for three Dui convictions.
Neither branch federal nor state can oversee functions reserved for the other branches. Both federal and state may exercise only judicial powers and perform only judicial functions, also judges may only decide on cases seen by them. Federal courts can decide cases involving the U.S government, conflicts between states or between the U.S and foreign government or disputes under federal law. The case has to raise a federal question in order to be heard in federal court. Powers given to U.S Congress Article 1,
Statistics are usually collected on based on three categories: Offenses, the breach of law; Offenders, those who commit the offenses; and the victims, the ones who are offended against. The United States has programs in which they collect this data; the first is the Uniform Crime Reports, which is compiled by the FBI and the Crime Victimization Survey, handled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Crime statistics for the same crime can vary based on not just between countries and jurisdictions, but also between individual law enforcement officers that have come across the same exact case. There are some crimes that are reported to law enforcement but are not reported because the law enforcement officer that takes the report has the power of discretion. They have the ability to affect how much crime is recorded, based on how they record their activities.
A civil case is when the plaintiff decides to sue another person, organization, or a business, the individual being sued is also called the defendant. In a criminal case, the crime is based on offenses against the state, with the prosecutor charging the suspect for the crime and not the actual victim charging the suspect. (The Differences between a Criminal Case and a Civil Case, n.d) Many fundamental distinctions between a civil and criminal case separate them from one another in our court system, which include but are not limited to; the standard of proof required in a criminal case compared to that of a civil case, the terms and forms of punishment, and also whether or not you are entitled to an attorney. “In general, because criminal cases have greater consequences - the possibility of jail and even death - criminal cases have many more protections in place and are harder to prove.” (The Differences between a Criminal Case and a Civil Case, n.d) A duty placed upon a civil or criminal defendant to prove or disprove a disputed fact is known as standard of proof. (Standard of proof.
The USA also has a complex legal system, having both national and state courts. Federalism in this sense thus leads to confusion, as what is legal in one state may be illegal in another, making it sometimes difficult for the central government and the people to distinguish between state laws and federal laws. Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes writes “We are under a constitution, but the constitution is what the judges say it is.” The federal-state relationship is a continual source of conflict and controversy, and in these times the Supreme Court handles the issues. However, the federal constitution and the state constitution are open to individual interpretation. Federalism thus allows the Supreme Court to dictate the outcome, and without federalism, there may