Federal Courts Vs State Courts

459 Words2 Pages
Federal Courts vs. State Courts Federal Courts and State Courts are separated by jurisdiction. Federal Courts have significantly less cases per year than State Courts. On average there are a million cases filed in Federal Court every year whereas there is about thirty million cases filed in State Courts annually. Federal Courts are established by Congress under the United States Constitution. They decide disputes involving the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. Some of the cases that are seen in Federal Court are bankruptcy, copyright, patent, and maritime law issues. They also handle cases where the United States is a party or there is a violation of federal laws or the United States Constitution. Other such cases that are filed in Federal Court are cases between citizens of different states, but only if the amount in question is more than seventy-five thousand dollars. Immigration, using the United States mail to swindle customers, and crimes occurring on federal property are also filed in Federal Court. An example of such crimes would be ones occurring at national parks or on military reservations. Most cases involving bank robberies or drugs are handled in State Courts. If the bank that was robbed has its deposits insured by a federal agency or if the drugs were brought into the country or across state lines than it is filed in Federal Court. Federal Court also deals with cases concerning state law if the issue is about whether or not a state law violates the Federal Constitution. State Courts are established by a state and have a broad jurisdiction. They are not allowed to hear cases about lawsuits against the United States or cases involving specific federal law. Some such cases would include bankruptcy, copyright, patent, and some maritime law issues. State Courts have more contact with the public than Federal Courts and deal with

More about Federal Courts Vs State Courts

Open Document