The Catholic Church has a magisterium - its teachings have a God-given authority that is equal to the authority of scripture. The Pope has even got the power to make infallible statements - statements that cannot be questioned. Within Protestant churches, the church has an advisory role. It can recommend one action over another, it can condemn certain actions entirely - you can even be kicked out of the church for certain actions. However, the individual is still left to decide where to stand in relation to church teaching.
He believed that the Catholic church was corrupt for selling indulgences as penance for sins in that the sale was a way for the Church to exploit the unfortunate and poor (Reformation 5). The final push for the need to change was the English reformation. During King Henry VIII’s rule in the sixteenth century, the Church of England was formed. He established the church because the Pope of the Catholic Church would not grant him a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon. The Anglican church had many similarities to the Catholic church: similar rituals and a bible titled the Book of Common Prayere (Reformation 9).
The first Book of Common Prayer was formed in 1549. It is a simplified form of Latin liturgy translated into English. Today the Anglican Church has approximately 80 million members in more than 164 countries. Political, linguistical, and cultural differences between the Eastern and Western Churches, eventually lead to the Great Schism in 1054. Within each country the Church was self-governing and independent, but everyone in that country has an overall allegiance to the Patriarch of Constantinople.
While few Methodists pastors believe in inerrancy, conservatives view scripture as the unique revelation of God. The Bible contains all we need to know to be saved and to live the Christian life. Conservatives believe that the four gospels are the heart of scripture and accurately portray the life of Christ. Christian Ethics- Because of their skepticism of human nature and reason, conservatives believe we must be guided by the principles found in the Old and New Covenants. Christian love must be guided by the moral teachings of scripture and the church.
The Catholic belief system has a very big role in America because most humans are in the Christian belief system. Some catholic people think that the Catholic Church is not just another denomination within Christianity. It is the universal community established by Jesus. Most Catholic 's want more people to go to church and believe in Jesus. They want more people to think that there is a heaven and a hell and that Jesus did put us on the earth for a reason.
Was this coincidence? No, it was through forced globalization. The main method of this projection was through the Crusades which began in 1095 (History.com, 2009). The Crusades were meant to spread Christianity by force and were actually quite effective even when considering the defeat of the Christians by Muslim forces in Jerusalem. Christianity has flourished for the past thousand years and has taken hold in every continent in some form or fashion.
Practices have changed in both religions, yet the Lutheran and Catholic remain present to this day. Since and before Reformation religions have constantly been changing to meet the ethics of the society that typically holds them and must always change in order to keep the people in the religion for personal or political gain. Although the Catholic and Lutheran reforms had many similarities, there were many differences. In contrast, the Lutheran movement did not believe that rituals and traditions would necessarily make one more likely to get into heaven. Great differences were also evident in the beliefs surrounding salvation.
Explain the main ethical principles of religion you have studied (25 marks) Christianity is a religion of many different branches and because of this there is no universal set of ethics. This lack of absolute ethics amongst Christians is due to the diversity of Christianity as there are many denominations for example Roman Catholic Christianity and Protestantism. Roman Catholic Christianity bases its ethics on the Holy Bible and the magisterium which consists of the Pope and the cardinals; in contrast to Protestantism that sees the Holy Bible as the only source of authority. Though both denominations follow the bible they interpret and accept the different parts of the bible. In general, there are similar ethical beliefs amongst Christians due to Judaism being the only root of Christian ethics.
Just for the sake of fairness I would have to say that just about any film concerning the life of Jesus is going to be considered controversial to some. These two stories were written and told by authors with contrasting religious beliefs and presented in convincingly different ways. Jesus Christ Superstar was written almost forty years ago by Andrew Lloyd Webber is a church of England Christian and is patron of a charity called the "Open Churches Trust" to get churches open to the general public. Mel Gibson born and raised a Traditionalist Catholic. Traditionalist Catholics generally prefer to be referred to either simply as Catholics or Roman Catholic.
Ever since 1517 and the Protestant Reformation, the United Kingdom became a prominent melting pot of diverse religious customs and traditions. Today, there are over 170 distinguishable religions, many of which are intertwined to form even more intricate belief systems. Even though some ethnic groups in the United Kingdom are multi-religious, the official religion is Christianity. Religion in England Throughout time, various forms of paganism were predominant in England. Though there are several religions established today, the official state church is the Church of England.