Features Of Spoken Language Essay

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Congestion Charge 1. a) The first city in Britain that was introduced to congestion charge was Durham. b) Many cities in the UK have considered congestion charge in their cities. Examples like Londoners, which were charged 5 pounds to enter central London, but this has now risen to 10 pounds. Which is double the price! People in Edinburgh voted to reject the charging scheme in February 2005. c) Urban areas and City centres are becoming to densely populate which is causing major problems on roads and pollution in these areas. d) According to Alistair Darling the ‘true economic cost’ of road use in the UK is 2p per mile in rural areas rising to as much as 1.43 pounds per mile on motorways during peak period. e) To charge UK Drivers the government suggested that in all vehicles might require boxes to carry. This would allow them to be tracked by a satellite. This vehicle can then be charged at different rates. f) The term gridlock is when a charging system is the only way to avoid congestion. g) Many ordinary people as well as business men were opposed to congestion charging schemes for example in 2007 there was an online petition which opposed these schemes had attracted 1.8 million signatures. 2. London operates the largest congestion charging system in the UK. Drivers are charged by having their licence plates photographed as they enter the charging zone. In 2007, the charging area was extended to the west part of the central zone. At first, the traffic levels in the charging zone fell by 25% and 50-60% of former drivers switched to public transport. Extra 300 buses were laid on to cope with demand. Bus journey times speeded up by 37% while air pollutants from vehicle exhausts also fell by 14%. Today 11,000 drivers pay the 10-pound charge on a daily basis. In 2007, the London mayor, Ken Livingstone, proposed to eliminate the charges for 25,000 small
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