The Effects of Single Motherhood on Teenage Delinquency By Brandy Lopez Juvenile Justice Abstract This research paper will attempt to explain the effects of single motherhood on juvenile delinquency. The findings suggest that children raised by single parent rather than two parent households are at greater risk for delinquency. Children raised by single parent households face many disadvantages. Girls are at greater risk for having sex as young teens and more likely to have abortions and more children. Boys are at a greater risk for committing suicide and also for committing more crimes.
There are several differences in the amount of crime that men and women do. Men are 15 times more likely to commit homicide than women are. By the age of 40, 9% of females had a criminal conviction as opposed to 32% of males. These statistics show that there is a definite distinction in the amount of crime that is committed by the genders. Women have always been thought of as the weaker sex and Sociologists such as Heidensohn argue that men see the need to protect women.
In this essay I am going to be assessing the patterns of crime committed by males and females, I will be looking into explanation of female conformity, explanations of female crime and male crime and finally if the law is sexist i.e. does chivalry exist. Official statistics claim that gender is a very important factor contributing towards crime as they show that women are less like to commit criminal behaviour or put in prison then men, this is supported by the fact that 80% of offenders are male, this can be due to many factors such as the biology in men which may lead to increased violence and stereotypes that may affect crimes reported, I will later assess these issues. Males are also more likely to reoffend and be serious sex offenders. However we must be aware that these official statistics are not accurate due to the selective law enforcement, where men are targeted more often as they fit the stereotype of a criminal which leads onto the chivalry factor where men have protective attitudes towards women.
The first factor that has to be responsible for a number of incidents of sexual violence is that our society has bad thinking about women. Most of our society, especially men, thinks that women are the weak creature, without strength. According to Detik news, only 20 percent of sexual violence is reported to the police. This percentage shows that the women who become the victim prefer not to tell the problem to another people than to report their serious problems. Consequently, because of the victims are too shy to report about the violence, the people who did the violence or the doers would feel so free to do the sexual violence, they would not have to be worried about to be reported or caught by
“Men are more likely to be perpetrators of domestic violence than women”. Discuss. The Oxford Dictionary (2013) describes domestic violence as ‘violent or aggressive behaviour within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of a spouse or partner.’ As there is a lack of gender specification in the above quote, it is fair to state that domestic violence is ambiguous in its identification of perpetrators being male and victims being female. The following essay will explore the different ways in which women and men are portrayed within this area of crime and how equality plays a large factor. Although the essay will look at men and women equally, it will be difficult to avoid the stereotypes that come with domestic violence, that being most consider men as victims and women as perpetrators.
According to a study by the American Psychological Association, teens are more than twice as likely as adults to be victims of violent crimes. Still, teenagers are most commonly perceived by the public as perpetrators of crime, according to an Oct. 1993 Gallup/CNN poll. Adults actually commit more crimes, statistics show; but criminal activity by youth, increasingly armed and more violent, invokes more fear, the poll showed. Young people are sensitive to the public's perception of their age group, they say. They resent generalizations suggesting all teens cause trouble.
Sexual assault is one of the most under reported crimes, and 60% of rapes are still being unreported (RAINN.org, 2009). The word accuser makes victims feel like they could have controlled what happened to them and that even when they do report their rape, society will put them down and not believe them. To be a victim is bad enough but to be treated like a criminal as well is even worse. A research study in the psychological effects of crimes shows that the psychological effects of sexual violence are commonly worse than physical injuries (Rautio, 2008). Furthermore, not only does the label accuser affect the victim psychologically but also those determining the fate of the rapist.
A study on mood and depression conducted by Shaleen L. Coss of the psychology department at Loyola University, found that participants who listened to heavy metal music with violent lyrics and music were less likely to feel depressed afterward than those who listened to non-violent songs. She also found that heavy-metal music listeners had higher self-esteem than other participants because of the rush listeners feel from violent music. (Jennifer Copely metaphoricalplatypus.com 2012) One of the most vocalized claims about heavy-metal music is that it makes its listeners, especially its young listeners, more violent. A study on violence, also by Shaleen L. Coss at Loyola University, found that this is not true, and there is no direct relationship between heavy-metal music and violence in teenagers. In fact, it was found that participants that listened to heavy-metal music were less violent than those in the control group.
Theory Critique: Hart Samantha Farmer Liberty University Summary Dr. Hart (1999) explains in his book, The Anxiety Cure, how to cure anxiety disorders naturally and without the use of synthetic tranquilizers. Hart states that about 10% of people have had at least one panic attack and many people have had more than one. This affects more women than men. It also affects those who are considered strong and because of the amount of stress in their lives. Although anxiety attacks are an unwelcome symptom of anxiety, they are also a warning that one is under too much stress and should seek help.
Many might think some rapes are less severe than others but rape is still annotated as forced sexual intercourse of any kind. Rape has become one the most despicable crimes in America and because of the psychological harm done to the victim in the process and because of fear created from the event, 84 percent of this crime is not reported. Rape is such a serious crime to humanity because it is not a crime that can be fixed by punishment but instead this crime leaves an emotional scar to its victim as well as humiliating the