How does Gibbons use language and structure to convey a sense of fear in the novel? Fear is an emotional response from dangerous situations. In Psychology, It is a vital reaction to physical and emotional danger - simply put, we need fear to stay safe and protected. There are three types of fear: Superstitious, when you fear something that has been dramatised by your own imagination; Intelligent, when you fear something that is purely based on your knowledge of the world around you; Uncertainty, the fear of the unknown. Although these fears seem different, most people will experience a fear (or phobia) that consists of the three types.
The cognitive explanation for OCD starts from the observation that everybody at some time has undesirable thoughts that they would be ashamed to admit (e.g. most of us worry at times about touching something dirty). The theory suggests that people with OCD have a ‘cognitive bias’, irrational thought patters. The cognitive therapy for OCD helps the individual change their irrational thinking by encouraging them to use counter-statements in order to reverse negative, irrational thinking. For example ‘if the worst happened is it true that I would not be able to handle it?’, this would enable negative and irrational thoughts to be dispelled.
Looking at the case there would have been a high level of anxiety amongst the witnesses when they were interviewed on site as they would have been in shock at what had happened, thus the inconsistencies with their statements.The Yerkes-Dodson law provides evidence to support my statement. It showed, that when there were low or very high levels of anxiety memory recall was low, and when a moderate amount of anxiety was evident the memory recall was the best. This proves that the high level of anxiety in the witnesses in their first statement may have corrupted the overall result of the case. Further studies by Elizabeth Loftus also support the fact that anxiety plays a major role in a EWT. She staged an experiment in which participants (Ps) were put in two different situations.
The person’s patterns of thinking and behaviour differ from the expectations in society and they interfere with the persons normal functioning. Examples of this are paranoid personality disorder, obsessive compulsive personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Anxiety disorders – People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread. This can be mild or severe. The person may suffer with responses that are un appropriate in certain situations as well as the usual signs (rapid heartbeat, sweating and nervousness.
While both of these conditions can be detrimental to the emotional status of the individual, they are caused by different issues. Phobias can be caused by classical conditioning, whereas addictions are from operant conditioning. Classical Conditioning and Phobias When a behavior is modified by the repetitive exposure to a neutral stimulus that is presented alongside an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a desired response, it is known as classical conditioning (Kowalski & Weston, 2011). The only fears that human children are born with are the fear of falling and the fear of loud noises (University of Notre Dame, n.d.). Phobias of insects and spiders, crowds, enclosed spaces, and all other fears are believed to be learned and caused through classical conditioning.
He was a captain on the original boat, after the boat sank he become injured and could not physically participate in keeping the dinghy afloat. The captain feels that he has lost his sense of direction due to not being used to letting others take charge. He feels disconnected from the world, and his sprit becomes dismantled. However, he led the way by specific instructions to the other characters in order to keep the dinghy afloat. The Correspondent is who the story is being told through.
By the narrator already assuming psychological judgment from the reader, the reader can also feel to question and doubt his sanity through just the first-person perspective. His madness is challenged when he admits the old man has done nothing to him and that he “loves the old man”, but yet is still going to murder him because of his eye. The reader also learns of the narrator’s psychological mindset right before he murders the old man. “But the beating grew louder, louder! I
If I had to identify with a particular form of oppression it would be ableism. Ableism is “a set of practices and beliefs that assign inferior value (worth) to people who have developmental, emotional, physical or psychiatric disabilities” (Maggie, 2014). As I had mentioned earlier, I suffer from bouts of debilitating depression that render me unable to function for a period of time. Unfortunately, my boyfriend is just one of many who have dismissed my depression as laziness because they just don’t understand depression. They assume that I should be just as able-bodied as them since they can’t “see” my disability and use oppressive words like lazy and ‘no good for nothing’ which only leads to further denigration of an already awful feeling.
The tone expressed is miserable and fretful due the men’s fear that they will drown in the sea. This tone is involved throughout the passage telling the readers that they have not yet reach safety on land and are using all their energy to keep the dinghy afloat. In the extract she is used as a metaphor to represent the dinghy. The author builds up the power of the sea and the tough situation the men on the boat are in, mostly in the beginning of the passage. The passage starts by telling the readers that the men are scanning for signs of life on the costal stretch.
Teach him to have faith in his own ideas, even if everyone tells him he is wrong. Teach him to be gentle with gentle people, and tough with tough people. Try to give him the strength not to follow the crowd when everyone is getting on the bandwagon. Teach him to listen to all men, but teach him also to filter all he hears on a screen of truth and take only the good that comes through. Teach him to listen to laugh when he is sad.