Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care
1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals?
The skeleton provides support and structure to the body. Joints are where the bones come together, this allows them to be flexible and give movement. Joints are cushioned by cartilage, fluid and synovial membranes. Elderly people lose calcium and other nutrients. As the joints breakdown it can cause inflammation, pain, stiffness and deformity. It is important to take care when moving an individual to prevent any fractures occurring. Muscles in the body work like levers and allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles will weaken with age which causes stiffness and weakness to certain areas of the body. When moving or repositioning an individual it is important to be very careful because muscles can only move as much as they can. Bones in limbs are covered in tissue. It is vital to not put too much pressure on an individual’s arm, leg, and hands as it could lead to a fracture due to the fact bones aren’t as strong in elderly people.
1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual?
When working with elderly people in a daily basis it is very common to come across different conditions that can affect how a person is supported with moving and positioning. An individual who has had a stroke may have a one sided weakness. It is important that pressure is not put on that area as it will cause discomfort to them. When hoisting a person with a stroke always make sure the weak side is always supported well, and if they’re being repositioned in bed it is important that pillows are put underneath the arm to make the individual feel more comfortable and give support as they will be unable to move the area of their body affected by the stroke.
An individual who suffers with arthritis will need...