Fasfds Essay

2628 WordsSep 9, 201411 Pages
APUSH: Trimester Exam Prompts Prompt 1: Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions: New England, Chesapeake, Middle Atlantic Thesis: Religion was the powerful force that ultimately shaped the societies of the New England and Chesapeake regions. New England: The dominant Puritan religion in the New England colonies shaped the societal structure in this region. · William Bradford & Plymouth, John Winthrop & Massachusetts Bay Colony · Strictness of Puritan society leads to dissenters such as Roger Williams (RI) and Thomas Hooker (CT) to found their own colonies—colonial expansion · Puritan authority in the hands of males, thus women have a subordinate role ·Puritan society centered around the church; towns with a “common” ·Practice of primogeniture leads to generational conflict since younger generations have less land on which to live (this + growing population + religious dissent = founding of more communities) ·Great Awakening with Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield, John Wesley leads to resurgence in religion and greater piety · Colleges (i.e. Harvard, Princeton, Yale) founded to train clergymen—the beginnings of higher education Chesapeake: Contrasting the highly religious New England colonies, the Chesapeake area was much less dependent on religion. Consequently, this led to a differently structured society. · Jamestown, VA – lack of religion & other stabilizing forces (family, women..) à disorganized society without discipline · Maryland (Lord Baltimore); Catholics vs. Protestants—leads to Toleration Act in 1649; societal tensions….still much Anti-Catholic sentiment; but on the whole, religious toleration to a greater degree than anywhere else in the world ·Women have greater freedom than their New England counterparts; lack of the · Churches less

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