Fascism: Unity Through Power

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Julio Serrano EN-102 Prof. Ignacio Arana 4-22-09 Fascism: Unity through Power In our modern times, the word “Fascism” makes allusion to a specific period of time, in the last century, when the world was submerged in struggles and war. Although, this term is surrounded by controversy, the theoretical government created by the Fascist ideology could be a model to follow in different conditions. The Fascist movement rose at the beginning of the 20th century, and created a nationalist system using unity through strength. Fascism is often confused with racism, because radical fascist ideas suggest that strength is a quality of superior races. For a better analysis of the topic it is necessary to understand the theory of Fascism, its roots, the people, and how it has influenced the 20th century. The term Fascism is derived from the Italian word fascio, which means "bundle", group, or "union" (Milza). Fascism is defined as a philosophy or a system of government the advocates or exercises a dictatorship of the extreme right, typically through the merging of state and business leadership, together with an aggressive ideology of nationalism (www.spu.edu). Fascism approaches politics in two central areas, populist and elitist. Populist in that it seeks to activate "the people" as a whole against perceived oppressors or enemies and to create a nation of unity. The elitist approach treats as putting the people’s will on one select group, or most often one supreme leader called El Duce, from whom all power proceeds downward (www.spu.edu). The apogee of Fascism can be best described by the chronological analysis of the trends and objectives of Fascism through the period from the end of WWI to the end of WWII, when the two most recognized names were Italy’s Benito Mussolini and Germany’s Adolf Hitler (www.fordham.edu).
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