Farming of Bones

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The Silent Cries of Exile The things that are desired are never within reach but rather in the other hemisphere or in memory. Some of things that trigger memory are expressions, a smell, an occasion, a person, or object. These components give a feeling of home, which is not the present living environment. In The Farming of Bones by Edwidge Danticat, a native of Haiti, she presents the 1937 massacre of Haitians by Dominicans dictator Rafael Trujillo. Danticat explores the memory of the place where the characters are exiled through assimilation. Indeed, Danticat’s theme of exile reveals the psychological effects on the individual characters of Amabelle and Don Ignacio also known as Papi through traumatic memories. Exile stimulates the memory of these characters that is cut-off from her family or home by death or distance. Haiti makes up only 1/3 of Hispaniola with an inhabitant of 500 people per square mile resulting in the exiling of Haitians onto the border of the Dominican Republic. The Haitian massacre, also known as the parsley massacre, the cutting, el corte, or kouto-a, a secretly ordered genocide of over 15,000 Haitian migrant workers in the Dominican Republic that occurred between October 2nd and 8th of 1937. Hyman Kisch’s article “Caribbean Cyrus” brings to light the motive of the massacre by reciting: The commission warned that black incursions and infiltration from Haiti, as well as persistent immigration of blacks from Caribbean countries, threatened to alienate the Dominican people from its original Spanish sources. (Kisch 369) Trujillo’s intentions were to purge out the Haitians due to their excessive population. By identifying the two cultures by the pronunciation of the word “perejil” Dominican troops slaughtered unarmed Haitian men, women and children with machetes and knives. Some civilian were recruited to help carry out these heinous

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